ビール

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See also: ビル

Japanese[edit]

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 ビール on Japanese Wikipedia
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 Beer on Wikipedia
ビール (bīru): a glass of beer.

Etymology[edit]

Alternative spelling
麦酒 (rare)

Borrowing from Dutch bier.[1][2][3][4][5]

First cited to a text from 1724 with the kanji spelling 麦酒 (literally barley liquor).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ビール (bīru

  1. [from 1724] beer (alcoholic drink made of malt)
    (にっ)(ぽん)麦酒(ビール)
    Nippon Bīru
    Nippon Beer
    Synonyms: (less common) ビヤー (biyā), (only used in compounds) ビヤ (biya), (only used in compounds) ビア (bia)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Not to be confused with ビル (biru, building).
  • The kanji spelling 麦酒 may be found in certain contexts such as beer labels.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Hakka: 啤露 (pi-lú)
  • Korean: 비르 (bireu)
  • Min Nan: bì-lù, bì-luh, bih-luh
  • Jeju: 비르 (bireu)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN