麦酒

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See also: 麥酒

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 麥酒 (“ale; beer; wine from grain”).
(This term, 麦酒, is the simplified form of 麥酒.)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ビール
Grade: 2 Grade: 3
jukujikun
Alternative spelling
麥酒 (kyūjitai)

From Dutch bier. The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 麥酒 (literally barley liquor), and were applied from the Edo period.

First cited to a text from 1724.[1]

Definitions[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 麦酒 – see the following entry.
ビール
[noun] [from 1724] beer (alcoholic drink made of malt)
(This term, 麦酒, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ばく
Grade: 2
しゅ
Grade: 3
kan’on goon
Alternative spelling
麥酒 (kyūjitai)

From Chinese 麥酒 (literally barley liquor).

First cited to 1826.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ばく)(しゅ) (bakushu (kyūjitai 麥酒)

  1. [from 1826] beer (alcoholic drink made of malt)
  2. [from 1867] any other alcoholic drink brewed mainly from barley or wheat

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
むぎ
Grade: 2
さけ > ざけ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
麥酒 (kyūjitai)

Compound of (mugi, barley, wheat, oat) +‎ (sake, sake, grain wine).[1] The sake changes to zake as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

First cited to the early 1500s.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [mɯ̟ᵝɡʲiza̠ke̞]

Noun[edit]

(むぎ)(ざけ) (mugizake

  1. [1500s–???] (archaic, possibly obsolete) sake made from, or mainly from, wheat, barley, or oat

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN