梅干し

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Japanese[edit]

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梅干し (umeboshi): a few umeboshi, pickled Japanese plums.
Kanji in this term
うめ
Grade: 4
ほ > ぼ
Grade: 6
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of ‎(ume, plum) +‎ 干し ‎(hoshi, drying, dried), the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 干す ‎(hosu, to dry).[1][2] The hoshi changes to boshi due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

梅干し ‎(hiragana うめぼし, romaji umeboshi)

  1. umeboshi: salt-dried or pickled Japanese ume (a kind of plum); very sour, and often used as a condiment in Japanese cooking
  2. (slang) an elderly person (from the similarity of wrinkled skin to a wrinkled umeboshi; compare usage of English prune)
  3. (medicine) an unripe Japanese ume that has been smoked over a fire until black, used in traditional medicines and as a pigment

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References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3