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Compound of 梅 (ume, “plum”) + 干し (hoshi, “drying, dried”), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, “continuative or stem form”) of verb 干す (hosu, “to dry”). The hoshi changes to boshi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).
- umeboshi: salt-dried or pickled Japanese ume (a kind of plum); very sour, and often used as a condiment in Japanese cooking
- (slang) an elderly person (from the similarity of wrinkled skin to a wrinkled umeboshi; compare usage of English prune)
- (medicine) an unripe Japanese ume that has been smoked over a fire until black, used in traditional medicines and as a pigment