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See also:
U+81A0, 膠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81A0

[U+819F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81A1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月尸一竹 (BSMH), four-corner 77222, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 993, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2109, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81A0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ruːw
ruːw, *rɯːws
ɡ·ruːw, *krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw
賿 rrɯːw, *rrɯːwʔ
rrɯːw
krɯːw, *krɯːws, *kʰrɯːw
krɯːw
krɯːw, *rɯw
riw, *rɯːw
riws, *rɯːw, *rɯwʔ
rɯːw, *rɯːws, *rɯws
rɯːw, *rɯw
rɯːw
rɯːw
ɡ·rɯːw, *ɡ·rɯws
rɯːw, *rɯːwɢ
rɯːwʔ, *rɯwɢ
rɯːwʔ
mɡlɯw, *rɯwɢs, *mɡrɯw, *ɡrɯw
mlɯw, *mɡrɯw, *mrɯws, *mlɯwɢ
rɯw, *rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
rɯw
rɯw, *rɯws
rɯw, *rɯw
rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
r̥ʰɯw
ɡlɯw, *ɡrɯw
mrɯws
ɡ·rɯw, *ɡrɯw, *ɡrɯwʔ
krɯw
ruːwɢ, *rɯwɢ
rɯwɢ
rɯwɢ
rɯwɢ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ka - vernacular;
  • kau - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (29) (28)
Final () (90) (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/ /kʰˠau/ /kˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/ /kʰᵚau/ /kᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/ /kʰaɨw/ /kaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Wang
Li
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo qiāo jiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāo jiǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæw › ‹ kæwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤriw/ /*[k]ˤriwʔ/
English glue glue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 8350 8354 8355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːw/ /*krɯːws/ /*kʰrɯːw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. glue; adhesive; gum; resin
  2. rubber (substance)
  3. to glue; to adhere
  4. sticky; gluey

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
にかわ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana にかわ, rōmaji nikawa, historical hiragana にかは)

  1. glue

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giao, keo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.