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U+81A0, 膠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81A0

[U+819F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81A1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月尸一竹 (BSMH), four-corner 77222, composition)

  1. glue
  2. gum
  3. resin
  4. rubber

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 993, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2109, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81A0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruːw
*ruːw, *rɯːws
*ɡ·ruːw, *krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw
賿 *rrɯːw, *rrɯːwʔ
*rrɯːw
*krɯːw, *krɯːws, *kʰrɯːw
*krɯːw
*krɯːw, *rɯw
*riw, *rɯːw
*riws, *rɯːw, *rɯwʔ
*rɯːw, *rɯːws, *rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯw
*rɯːw
*rɯːw
*ɡ·rɯːw, *ɡ·rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯːwɢ
*rɯːwʔ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯːwʔ
*mɡlɯw, *rɯwɢs, *mɡrɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mlɯw, *mɡrɯw, *mrɯws, *mlɯwɢ
*rɯw, *rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*rɯw
*rɯw, *rɯws
*rɯw, *rɯw
*rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*r̥ʰɯw
*ɡlɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mrɯws
*ɡ·rɯw, *ɡrɯw, *ɡrɯwʔ
*krɯw
*ruːwɢ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (28) (29) (28)
Final () (90) (90) (90)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () II II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠau/ /kʰˠau/ /kˠauH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚau/ /kʰᵚau/ /kᵚauH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨw/ /kʰaɨw/ /kaɨwH/
Li
Rong
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Wang
Li
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo qiāo jiào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiāo jiǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæw › ‹ kæwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤriw/ /*[k]ˤriwʔ/
English glue glue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 8350 8354 8355
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːw/ /*krɯːws/ /*kʰrɯːw/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
にかわ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にかわ, romaji nikawa, historical hiragana にかは)

  1. glue

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giao, keo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.