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See also:
U+81A0, 膠
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81A0

[U+819F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81A1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 130 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 月尸一竹 (BSMH), four-corner 77222, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 993, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1445, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2109, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81A0

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ruːw
*ruːw, *rɯːws
*ɡ·ruːw, *krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw
賿 *rrɯːw, *rrɯːwʔ
*rrɯːw
*krɯːw, *krɯːws, *kʰrɯːw
*krɯːw
*krɯːw, *rɯw
*riw, *rɯːw
*riws, *rɯːw, *rɯwʔ
*rɯːw, *rɯːws, *rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯw
*rɯːw
*rɯːw
*ɡ·rɯːw, *ɡ·rɯws
*rɯːw, *rɯːwɢ
*rɯːwʔ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯːwʔ
*mɡlɯw, *rɯwɢs, *mɡrɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mlɯw, *mɡrɯw, *mrɯws, *mlɯwɢ
*rɯw, *rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*rɯw
*rɯw, *rɯws
*rɯw, *rɯw
*rɯwɢs, *rɯwɢ
*r̥ʰɯw
*ɡlɯw, *ɡrɯw
*mrɯws
*ɡ·rɯw, *ɡrɯw, *ɡrɯwʔ
*krɯw
*ruːwɢ, *rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ
*rɯwɢ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ka - vernacular;
  • kau - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (28) (29) (28)
    Final () (90) (90) (90)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () II II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠau/ /kʰˠau/ /kˠauH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kᵚau/ /kʰᵚau/ /kᵚauH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kaɨw/ /kʰaɨw/ /kaɨwH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kau/ /kʰau/ /kauH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiāo qiāo jiào
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiāo jiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kæw › ‹ kæwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ˤriw/ /*[k]ˤriwʔ/
    English glue glue

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 8350 8354 8355
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 2 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*krɯːw/ /*krɯːws/ /*kʰrɯːw/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. glue; adhesive; gum; resin
    2. rubber (substance)
    3. to glue; to adhere
    4. sticky; gluey

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. glue
    2. isinglass

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    にかわ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana にかわ, rōmaji nikawa, historical hiragana にかは)

    1. glue

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune-Reischauer kyo, Yale kyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (giao, keo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.