alveolus

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin alveolus (a small hollow or cavity), diminutive of alveus (a hollow, cavity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alveolus (plural alveoli)

  1. A small cavity or pit.
    1. (anatomy) Any of the many tiny air sacs in the lungs in which the bronchioles terminate and where oxygen and carbon dioxide are rapidly exchanged with the pulmonary capillaries.
      Synonym: pulmonary alveolus
    2. (anatomy, dentistry) The bony socket in which the root of a tooth resides.
      Synonyms: dental alveolus, tooth socket
    3. (anatomy) An acinus (saclike cavity) in a gland.
    4. (entomology) The socket of a macrotrichium (seta).

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From English alveolus, from Latin alveolus, a diminutive of alveus (a tray, trough, basin), from alvus (the belly, the stomach, bowels, womb, etc.).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (standard) IPA(key): [al.veˈo.lʊs]
  • (common) IPA(key): [al.feˈo.lʊs]
  • Hyphenation: al‧vé‧o‧lus

Noun[edit]

alvéolus (plural, first-person possessive alveolusku, second-person possessive alveolusmu, third-person possessive alveolusnya)

  1. alveolus,
    1. (anatomy, pulmonology) A small air sac in the lungs, where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood.
    2. (anatomy, dentistry) A dental alveolus (tooth socket): the socket in which a tooth resides.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From alveus (a hollow, cavity) +‎ -olus (diminutive nominal suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alveolus m (genitive alveolī); second declension

  1. Diminutive of alveus:
    1. small hollow or cavity
    2. tray, trough, basin
    3. (board games) small gaming board upon which the dice are thrown
    4. (geography) small channel of a river
    5. (weaving) weaver's shuttle (from its shape)
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Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative alveolus alveolī
Genitive alveolī alveolōrum
Dative alveolō alveolīs
Accusative alveolum alveolōs
Ablative alveolō alveolīs
Vocative alveole alveolī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • alveolus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alveolus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • alveolus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • alveolus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • alveolus in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968