alveolus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin alveolus, a diminutive of alveus (a tray, trough, basin), from alvus (the belly, the stomach, bowels, womb, etc.).

Noun[edit]

alveolus (plural alveoli)

  1. A small cavity or pit.
  2. (anatomy) an anatomical structure that has the form of a hollow cavity
  3. (anatomy) a small air sac in the lungs, where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

alveus +‎ -olus

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alveolus m (genitive alveolī); second declension

  1. small hollow or cavity
  2. tray, trough, basin
  3. gaming board

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative alveolus alveolī
genitive alveolī alveolōrum
dative alveolō alveolīs
accusative alveolum alveolōs
ablative alveolō alveolīs
vocative alveole alveolī

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • alveolus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alveolus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “alveolus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • alveolus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette

alveolus in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968