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U+8338, 茸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8338

[U+8337]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8339]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140, +6, 9 strokes in traditional Chinese and Korean, 8 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 廿尸十 (TSJ), four-corner 44401, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1029, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30918
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1488, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3200, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8338

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin[edit]

Shuowen: Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *njoŋ): semantic  (grass) + abbreviated phonetic  (OC *sʰloːŋ) (Shuowen).

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “←→?”)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ʐuŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ʐuŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /luŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /vəŋ²⁴/
Xining /uə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐuŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /və̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʐuŋ⁵¹/
/vɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ioŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /zoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /zoŋ²¹/
Kunming /ʐoŋ¹/
Nanjing /ioŋ²⁴/
Hefei /iŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /zuŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ʐũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /zoŋ²³/
Suzhou /zoŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /zoŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /yʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /in⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ioŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /in¹²/
Gan Nanchang /luŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ²¹/
Nanning /juŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /juŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /œyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zoŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȵioŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
róng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10854
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njoŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. soft and downy, pilose
  2. fine thin hair
  3. the pilose antler of a young stag

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
きのこ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of (ki, tree) +‎ (no, attributive or possessive particle) +‎ (ko, child).[1][2][3][4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(きのこ) (kinoko

  1. a mushroom
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
たけ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Cognate with (take), whereas 高い (takai) and/or 長ける (takeru)?”

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(alternative reading hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, rōmaji take)

  1. (chiefly Kansai or in compounds) a mushroom
  2. (colloquial) the flesh of an animal
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
くさびら
Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Extension of 草片 (kusabira, edible plant or green).

Noun[edit]

(くさびら) (kusabira

  1. a mushroom
  2. (euphemistic, in Ise Grand Shrine) the flesh of an animal
See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(くさびら) (Kusabira

  1. a kyogen play

Etymology 4[edit]

From NTT Docomo's mascot character having mushroom motif.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(きのこ) (Kinoko

  1. (Internet slang) NTT Docomo
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yong) (hangeul , revised yong, McCune–Reischauer yong, Yale yong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.