從心所欲

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Chinese[edit]

 
from; obey; observe; follow; second cousin; lax; yielding; unhurried
heart; mind actually; place; (nominalisation prefix)
 
desire; longing; appetite; wish
trad. (從心所欲)
simp. (从心所欲)

Etymology[edit]

The Analects:

七十 [Classical Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
七十 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: The Analects of Confucius, circa 475 – 221 BCE, translated based on James Legge's version
Qīshí ér cóng xīn suǒ , bù yú jǔ. [Pinyin]
At seventy, I could follow what my heart desired, without transgressing what was right.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1 1/1 1/1
Initial () (15) (16) (21) (36)
Final () (7) (139) (22) (8)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoŋ/ /siɪm/ /ʃɨʌX/ /jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioŋ/ /sim/ /ʃiɔX/ /jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioŋ/ /sjem/ /ʃiɔX/ /iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuawŋ/ /sim/ /ʂɨə̆X/ /juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioŋ/ /siəm/ /ʃiɔX/ /iok̚/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭwoŋ/ /sĭĕm/ /ʃĭoX/ /jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯woŋ/ /si̯əm/ /ʂi̯woX/ /i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cóng xīn shǔ
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cóng xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjowng › ‹ sim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]oŋ/ /*səm/
English to follow heart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3 1/1 1/1 1/1
No. 1858 13801 5306 4303
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloŋ/ /*slɯm/ /*sqʰraʔ/ /*loɡ/

Idiom[edit]

從心所欲

  1. to follow what one's heart desires; to do as one likes; to act at one's pleasure
  2. (literary) seventy years old

Synonyms[edit]