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U+6D32, 洲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D32

[U+6D31]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D33]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 水戈中中 (EILL), four-corner 32100, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 622, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17413
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1018, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1616, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6D32

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tju): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *tju).

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

According to the Erya and the Shiming, the following characters show some notable semantic relations (Schuessler, 2007)

(OC *tjaʔ, “islet”) is smaller than (OC *tju)
(OC *kjɯʔ, “islet”) is smaller than (OC *tjaʔ)
(OC *tiːlʔ, *tjelʔ, *dil, “islet”) is smaller than (OC *kjɯʔ)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tu/
English islet

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17492
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tju/

Definitions[edit]

  1. islet in a river
      ―  shāzhōu  ―  sandbank
  2. continent
    /   ―  zhōu  ―  Asia
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. continent

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (su)
  • Kan-on: しゅう (shū)
  • Kun: しま (shima, )

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨu). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: cyu) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 물가 (mulga ju))

  1. Hanja form? of (continent).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chao, châu)

  1. continent

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville