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See also: 𥂁
U+5869, 塩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5869

[U+5868]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+586A]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Japanese shinjitai simplified from ( and ).

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 土人口廿 (GORT), composition𬐚)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 236, character 34
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5382
  • Dae Jaweon: page 474, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 1, page 472, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5869

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“salt; salty substance, especially table salt; salt; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
しお
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
(shio): a close-up picture of salt crystals.
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⟨sipo⟩/ɕiɸo//ɕiwo//ɕio/

From Old Japanese, cited in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1]

Cognate with (shio, [ocean] tide).[1][2]

The medial consonant had already lenited to /w/ by 1603, as recorded in the Nippo Jisho.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(しお) (shio (kyūjitai , historical kana しほ)

  1. salt
    (しお)(けっ)(しょう)
    shio no kesshō
    salt crystal
  2. saltiness
    Synonym: 塩気 (shioke)
  3. (by extension, colloquial) hardship, toil, trouble
  4. (colloquial) a hoarse voice
  5. (colloquial) Short for 塩屋 (shioya): a salter
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇm, “salt”) and (MC jiᴇmH, “to salt; salting”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(えん) (en (kyūjitai )

  1. salt
  2. to salt; salting
  3. (chemistry) salt
  4. (chemistry) Short for 塩素 (enso): chlorine
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(えん) (en (kyūjitai )

  1. (chemistry) a salt (substance mostly made in neutralization, such as sodium chloride)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1603, 日葡辞書: パリ本 / Vocabulario da Lingoa Iapam (Nippo Jisho: Paris edition / Vocabulary of the Language of Japan) (in Japanese and Portuguese), 1976 reprint, Tōkyō: Bensei Publishing, entry visible here as the third entry below the yellow-highlighted term on the left
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN