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U+60F9, 惹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-60F9

[U+60F8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+60FA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口心 (TKRP), four-corner 44336, composition)

  1. irritate, vex, offend, incite

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 393, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10866
  • Dae Jaweon: page 729, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2309, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+60F9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
惹-seal.svg 惹-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nja, *njaʔ, *njaɡ
*nja, *nje, *n̥ʰaɡ
*njaʔ, *njaɡ
*naːɡ
*hnaːɡ, *n̥ʰaɡ
*naɡ
*naɡ, *rnaːɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ
*njaɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐɤ²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʐɤ²¹³/
Tianjin /iɤ¹³/
/ʐɤ¹³/
Jinan /ʐə⁵⁵/
Qingdao /iə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩ɛ⁵³/
Xi'an /ʐɤ⁵³/
Xining /ʐɛ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʐə⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʐə⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʐɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nɤ⁴²/
Chengdu /ze⁵³/
Guiyang /ze⁴²/
Kunming /ʐə⁵³/
Nanjing /ʐe²¹²/
Hefei /ʐe²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /zɤ⁵³/
Pingyao /ʐʐ̩e̞⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐɤ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /za²³/
Suzhou /zɑ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zɑ¹³/
/ȵiɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /zei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ie³⁵/
Tunxi /ia²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʐə⁴¹/
/ȵia⁴¹/
Xiangtan /iɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /iɑ²¹³/
/lɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ŋia⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ŋiɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɛ²³/
Nanning /jɛ²⁴/
Hong Kong /jɛ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lia⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nia³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nia²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zia⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /za²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (38)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵiaX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiaX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 10931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (38)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑiɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiak̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ruò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 10942
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njaɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): じゃ (ja); じゃく (jaku)
  • Kun: ひく (hiku, 惹く)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ya) (hangeul , revised ya, McCune–Reischauer ya, Yale ya)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhạ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]