螺子

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō し > じ
Grade: 1
Irregular

/nedi//ned͡ʑi/

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of 上一段活用 (kami ichidan katsuyō, upper monograde conjugation) verb 捩じる (nejiru, to screw, twist).[1] Alteratively, from the stem form of classical 上二段活用 (kami nidan katsuyō, upper bigrade conjugation) verb 捩づ (nedzu → nezu) of the same meaning.[2]

The use of (spiral-shelled shellfish) is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓) from the spiral shape of the screw. The use of (shi, diminutive suffix) is an example of phonetic ateji (当て字), despite the historical spelling.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

螺子 (hiragana ねじ, katakana ネジ, rōmaji neji, historical hiragana ねぢ)

  1. a screw
  2. a spring or coil that can be winded such as that of a clock
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From (ra, generic name for shellfish with spiral shells) +‎ (-shi, diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

螺子 (hiragana らし, rōmaji rashi)

  1. a screw
    Synonyms: スクリュー (sukuryū), 螺子釘 (nejikugi)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN