yıldırım

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Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish يلدرم (yıldırım, thunderbolt). Earliest attested in Kipchak records in 1312 as یولدوروم (yuldurum, spark) together with the deriving stem [Arabic needed] (yuldura-, to shine). The deriving stem is akin to Karakhanid [script needed] (yuldra-, to shine). Nişanyan thinks this verb is derived from Old Turkic [script needed] (yulduz, star) with rhotacism taking place.[1] However there is no consensus on rhotacism in Turkic, so it may very well be the exact opposite and derived from Proto-Turkic *jul-duŕ (star) and not Old Turkic yulduz. Compare Chuvash ҫӑлтӑр (śăltăr, star). See also Turkish yıldız (star), yaldız (gilt, glitter), Ottoman Turkish يلدرامق (yıldıramak, to flash, gleam, glitter).

Cognate with Azeri ildırım (lightning, thunder), Turkmen ýyldyrym (lightning, thunder). Akin to Karakhanid [script needed] (yuldrık, sparkling, shining) and [script needed] (yuldramāk, to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

yıldırım (definite accusative yıldırımı, plural yıldırımlar)

  1. (meteorology) thunderbolt

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nişanyan, Sevan (2015-12-14), “yıldırım”, in Nişanyan Sözlük