pavēlēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pa- +‎ vēlēt ‎(to want, to wish). The original meaning was “to permit, to allow; to wish,” but this word was apparently influenced by the similar-sounding German befehlen ‎(to order, to command), and changed its meaning accordingly.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [pavɛ̄ːlɛ̂ːt]
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Verb[edit]

pavēlēt tr., 3rd conj., pres. pavēlu, pavēli, pavēl, past pavēlēju

  1. to order, to command (to indicate, to tell what to do)
    pavēlēt kādam ierasties — to order someone to come
    “dzer!” viņš pavēlēja, un puika attaisīja pudeli un dzēra — “drink!” he ordered, and the boy opened the bottle and drank
  2. (military) to order, to command (to give, to issue a formal order)
    rotas komandieris pavēlēja tālāk neuzbrukt — the company commander ordered not to attack any further

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “vēlēt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7