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See also: rüffle
ruffle (plural ruffles)
- Any gathered or curled strip of fabric added as trim or decoration.
- She loved the dress with the lace ruffle at the hem.
- Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. […] Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the ground and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas.
- Disturbance; agitation; commotion.
- to put the mind in a ruffle
- (military) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, quieter than a roll; a ruff.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of H. L. Scott to this entry?)
- (zoology) The connected series of large egg capsules, or oothecae, of several species of American marine gastropods of the genus Fulgur.
strip of fabric
- (transitive) To make a ruffle in; to curl or flute, as an edge of fabric.
- Ruffle the end of the cuff.
- (transitive) To disturb; especially, to cause to flutter.
- The wind ruffled the papers.
- Her sudden volley of insults ruffled his composure.
- 2018 February 24, Paul Rees, “Finn Russell masterminds historic Scotland victory over England”, in The Guardian, London, archived from the original on 22 April 2018:
- [Finn] Russell created his side’s three first-half tries, ruffling a defence known for its composure, and dictated the match from the off.
- I. Taylor
- the fantastic revelries […] that so often ruffled the placid bosom of the Nile
- Sir W. Hamilton
- These ruffle the tranquillity of the mind.
- She smoothed the ruffled seas.
- But, ever after, the small violence done / Rankled in him and ruffled all his heart.
- (intransitive) To grow rough, boisterous, or turbulent.
- The night comes on, and the bleak winds / Do sorely ruffle.
- (intransitive) To become disordered; to play loosely; to flutter.
- On his right shoulder his thick mane reclined, / Ruffles at speed, and dances in the wind.
- (intransitive) To be rough; to jar; to be in contention; hence, to put on airs; to swagger.
- Francis Bacon
- They would ruffle with jurors.
- Sir Walter Scott
- gallants who ruffled in silk and embroidery
- Francis Bacon
- To make into a ruff; to draw or contract into puckers, plaits, or folds; to wrinkle.
- To erect in a ruff, as feathers.
- [The swan] ruffles her pure cold plume.
- (military) To beat with the ruff or ruffle, as a drum.
- To throw together in a disorderly manner.
- I ruffled up fallen leaves in heap.
to curl or flute