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From Old Latin triumpus, via Etruscan *𐌕𐌓𐌉𐌀𐌌𐌐𐌄 ‎(θriampe), ultimately from Ancient Greek θρίαμβος ‎(thríambos, thriambos, a hymn to Dionysus).



triumphus m ‎(genitive triumphī); second declension

  1. a hymn in honor of Bacchus (translating Greek θρίαμβος)
  2. (vocative, addressing Thriambus) triumpe (a ritual exclamation of the Arval brothers)
  3. the Roman Triumph (a ceremonial procession in celebration of a military victory)
  4. triumph, celebration (any celebration of victory)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Cicero to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Plinius to this entry?)


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative triumphus triumphī
genitive triumphī triumphōrum
dative triumphō triumphīs
accusative triumphum triumphōs
ablative triumphō triumphīs
vocative triumphe triumphī



  • triumphus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • triumphus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to triumph over some one: triumphum agere de or ex aliquo or c. Gen. (victoriae, pugnae)
    • to lead some one in triumph: per triumphum (in triumpho) aliquem ducere
    • the senate decrees to Africanus the honours of a triumph: triumphum senatus Africano decernit (Fin. 4. 9. 22)