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From Old Latin triumpus, via Etruscan *𐌈𐌓𐌉𐌀𐌌𐌐𐌄 (*θriampe), ultimately from Ancient Greek θρίαμβος (thríambos, thriambos, a hymn to Dionysus).[1]



triumphus m (genitive triumphī); second declension

  1. a hymn in honor of Bacchus (translating Greek θρίαμβος)
  2. (vocative, addressing Thriambus) triumpe (a ritual exclamation of the Arval brothers)
  3. the Roman Triumph (a ceremonial procession in celebration of a military victory)
  4. triumph, celebration (any celebration of victory)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Cicero to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Plinius to this entry?)


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative triumphus triumphī
Genitive triumphī triumphōrum
Dative triumphō triumphīs
Accusative triumphum triumphōs
Ablative triumphō triumphīs
Vocative triumphe triumphī



  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938), “triumpe”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 1, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 707

Further reading[edit]

  • triumphus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • triumphus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • triumphus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • triumphus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to triumph over some one: triumphum agere de or ex aliquo or c. Gen. (victoriae, pugnae)
    • to lead some one in triumph: per triumphum (in triumpho) aliquem ducere
    • the senate decrees to Africanus the honours of a triumph: triumphum senatus Africano decernit (Fin. 4. 9. 22)
  • triumphus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • triumphus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin