sultan

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See also: Sultan, sultán, and sułtan

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From French sultan, from Ottoman Turkish سلطان(sultan), from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא(šulṭānā, strength, authority, ruler, prince) (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן(shiltón) and Hebrew סוּלְטָן(sultán)).[1] Doublet of soldan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan (plural sultans or (rare) salateen)

  1. (historical) The holder of a secular office, formally subordinate to, but de facto the power behind the throne of, the caliph.
  2. A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
  3. (card games) A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "sultan" in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2008).

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sultan (definite accusative sultanı, plural sultanlar)

  1. sultan

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan c (singular definite sultanen, plural indefinite sultaner)

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא(šulṭānā, strength, authority).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsʏl.tɑn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sul‧tan

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans, feminine sultane)

  1. sultan, a Muslim ruler title
  2. a certain pastry

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan (genitive sultani, partitive sultanit)

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French sultan (ruler of a Muslim state), from Ottoman Turkish سلطان‎. See English sultan for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans)

  1. A sultan: a Muslim ruler with a certain title.
  2. A silk-ornamented basket.
  3. A perfume sachet to put in a linen coffer.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Faroese: sultánur
  • Portuguese: sultão

References[edit]

  • Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan

  1. definite nominative singular of sulta

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Malay sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא(šulṭānā, strength, authority, ruler, prince).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈsʊltan]
  • Hyphenation: sul‧tan

Noun[edit]

sultan (first-person possessive sultanku, second-person possessive sultanmu, third-person possessive sultannya)

  1. sultan
    Synonyms: baginda, raja

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא(šulṭānā, strength, authority, ruler, prince).

Noun[edit]

sultan (Jawi spelling سلطان‎, plural sultan-sultan, informal 1st possessive sultanku, impolite 2nd possessive sultanmu, 3rd possessive sultannya)

  1. sultan (ruler)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Root
s-l-t-n
3 terms

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural slaten, feminine sultana)

  1. (dated, historical or figuratively) king, monarch, ruler
    Synonym: re

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word is rare for the kings of modern internationally recognised states, but is otherwise still used in a broader or historical sense. Compare the same in saltna versus renju.

Related terms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish سلطان‎ (or an Old Anatolian Turkish ancestor) or directly from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans)

  1. sultan (ruler of a Muslim state)

Descendants[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan m (definite singular sultanen, indefinite plural sultaner, definite plural sultanene)

  1. sultan (ruler)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan m (definite singular sultanen, indefinite plural sultanar, definite plural sultanane)

  1. sultan (ruler)

References[edit]


Piedmontese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m

  1. sultan (ruler)

Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultani)

  1. sultan
Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish سلطان‎ (compare Turkish sultan), from Arabic سلطان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sùltān m (Cyrillic spelling су̀лта̄н)

  1. sultan

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m ?

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Further reading[edit]

  • sultan”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan c

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

Declension of sultan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sultan sultanen sultaner sultanerna
Genitive sultans sultanens sultaners sultanernas

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sultan/
  • Hyphenation: sul‧tan

Etymology[edit]

From Malay sultan, ultimately from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sultan (feminine sultana)

  1. a male monarch or ruler of islamic sultanates
  2. (historical) The ruler of the Islamicized sultanate polities of the Philippines. A notable example is the Sultanate of Sulu.
    Synonyms: sultana, hari, raha, raja, ladya, lakan, datu, dayang, reyna

See also[edit]


Tausug[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan

  1. sultan (Muslim king)

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish سلطان(sultân), from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא(šulṭānā, strength, authority) (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן(shiltón)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan (definite accusative sultanı, plural sultanlar)

  1. A monarchic title for Sunni Muslim monarchs.
  2. A noble title for monarch's mother, wifes and children.
  3. A honorific title for Bektashi saints.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative sultan
Definite accusative sultanı
Singular Plural
Nominative sultan sultanlar
Definite accusative sultanı sultanları
Dative sultana sultanlara
Locative sultanda sultanlarda
Ablative sultandan sultanlardan
Genitive sultanın sultanların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanım sultanlarım
2nd singular sultanın sultanların
3rd singular sultanı sultanları
1st plural sultanımız sultanlarımız
2nd plural sultanınız sultanlarınız
3rd plural sultanları sultanları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanımı sultanlarımı
2nd singular sultanını sultanlarını
3rd singular sultanını sultanlarını
1st plural sultanımızı sultanlarımızı
2nd plural sultanınızı sultanlarınızı
3rd plural sultanlarını sultanlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanıma sultanlarıma
2nd singular sultanına sultanlarına
3rd singular sultanına sultanlarına
1st plural sultanımıza sultanlarımıza
2nd plural sultanınıza sultanlarınıza
3rd plural sultanlarına sultanlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanımda sultanlarımda
2nd singular sultanında sultanlarında
3rd singular sultanında sultanlarında
1st plural sultanımızda sultanlarımızda
2nd plural sultanınızda sultanlarınızda
3rd plural sultanlarında sultanlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanımdan sultanlarımdan
2nd singular sultanından sultanlarından
3rd singular sultanından sultanlarından
1st plural sultanımızdan sultanlarımızdan
2nd plural sultanınızdan sultanlarınızdan
3rd plural sultanlarından sultanlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanımın sultanlarımın
2nd singular sultanının sultanlarının
3rd singular sultanının sultanlarının
1st plural sultanımızın sultanlarımızın
2nd plural sultanınızın sultanlarınızın
3rd plural sultanlarının sultanlarının
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanım sultanlarım
2nd singular sultansın sultanlarsın
3rd singular sultan
sultandır
sultanlar
sultanlardır
1st plural sultanız sultanlarız
2nd plural sultansınız sultanlarsınız
3rd plural sultanlar sultanlardır

Derived terms[edit]


Yakan[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan

  1. sultan (Muslim king)