sultan

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See also: Sultan, sultán, and sułtan

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From French sultan, from Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא (šulṭānā, strength, authority) (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן (shiltón) and Hebrew סוּלְטָן (sultán)).[1] Compare soldan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan (plural usually sultans, rarely salateen)

  1. Originally, a secular office, formally subordinate to -, but de facto the power behind the throne of the (theoretically universal) caliph.
  2. A hereditary ruler in various Muslim states (sultanate), varying from petty principalities (as in Indonesia and in Yemen), often vassal of a greater ruler, to independent realms, such as Oman, Brunei, or an empire such as the Turkish Ottoman Empire.
  3. (card games) A variant of solitaire, played with two decks of cards.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "sultan" in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition (2008).

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan c (singular definite sultanen, plural indefinite sultaner)

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān), from Aramaic שולטנא (šulṭānā, strength, authority).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: sul‧tan

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans, feminine sultane)

  1. sultan, a Muslim ruler title
  2. a certain pastry

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultans)

  1. A sultan: a Muslim ruler with a certain title.
  2. A silk-ornamented basket.
  3. A perfume sachet to put in a linen coffer.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Nouveau Petit Larousse illustré. Dictionnaire encyclopédique. Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1952, 146th edition

Further reading[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan

  1. definite nominative singular of sulta

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural slaten)

  1. (dated) king

Related terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan m (definite singular sultanen, indefinite plural sultaner, definite plural sultanene)

  1. sultan (ruler)

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan m (definite singular sultanen, indefinite plural sultanar, definite plural sultanane)

  1. sultan (ruler)

References[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro

Etymology[edit]

From Turkish sultan, from Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sultan m (plural sultani)

  1. sultan
Declension[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (compare Turkish sultan), from Arabic سلطان (sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

sùltān m (Cyrillic spelling су̀лта̄н)

  1. sultan

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān)

Noun[edit]

sultan c

  1. sultan (ruler)

Declension[edit]

Declension of sultan 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sultan sultanen sultaner sultanerna
Genitive sultans sultanens sultaners sultanernas

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سلطان, from Aramaic שולטנא (šulṭānā, strength, authority) (compare Hebrew שִׁלְטוֹן (shiltón)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

sultan (definite accusative sultanı, plural sultanlar)

  1. A monarchic title for Sunni Muslim monarchs.
  2. A noble title for monarch's mother, wifes and children.
  3. A honorific title for Bektashi saints.
  4. A breed of chicken originating in Turkey, kept primarily in gardens for ornamental reasons. See: sultan (chicken)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative sultan
Definite accusative sultanı
Singular Plural
Nominative sultan sultanlar
Definite accusative sultanı sultanları
Dative sultana sultanlara
Locative sultanda sultanlarda
Ablative sultandan sultanlardan
Genitive sultanın sultanların
Possessive forms
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanım sultanlarım
2nd singular sultanın sultanların
3rd singular sultanı sultanları
1st plural sultanımız sultanlarımız
2nd plural sultanınız sultanlarınız
3rd plural sultanları sultanları
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular sultanım sultanlarım
2nd singular sultansın sultanlarsın
3rd singular sultan
sultandır
sultanlar
sultanlardır
1st plural sultanız sultanlarız
2nd plural sultansınız sultanlarsınız
3rd plural sultanlar sultanlardır

Derived terms[edit]