سلطان

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arabic[edit]

Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire

Etymology[edit]

From Aramaic שׁוּלְטָנָא‎ / ܫܘܼܠܛܵܢܵܐ(šulṭānā, power); compare the root س ل ط(s-l-ṭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُلْطَان (sulṭānm or f (usually uncountable)

  1. power, strength
  2. rule, dominion
  3. authority
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 53:23:
      إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاءٌ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنْتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَا أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الأَنْفُسُ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُم مِن رَبِّهِمُ الهُدَى
      ʾin hiya ʾillā ʾasmāʾun sammaytumūhā ʾantum wa-ʾābāʾukum mā ʾanzala l-lahu bihā min sulṭānin ʾin yattabiʿūna ʾillā ẓ-ẓanna wa-mā tahwā l-ʾanfusu wa-laqad jāʾahum min rabbihimu l-hudā
      These are but names which you have coined—you and your fathers—for which God has not sent down any authority. They follow nothing but conjectures and the desires of the [lower] soul, while there has already come to them the guidance from their Lord.
  4. mandate, authorization
  5. proof, evidence, an argument or case against
  6. a plea, an allegation, the grounds or basis for one's case being superior
  7. justification

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُلْطَان (sulṭānm (plural سَلَاطِين(salāṭīn))

  1. sultan

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Malay[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سلطان‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سلطان (plural سلطان٢‎, informal 1st possessive سلطانکو‎, impolite 2nd possessive سلطانمو‎, 3rd possessive سلطانڽ‎)

  1. sultan

Further reading[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

سلطان (sultan)

  1. sultan

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

سلطان (soltân)

  1. sultan
  2. king

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Persian سلطان(sultān), from Arabic سُلْطَان(sulṭān).

Noun[edit]

سلطان (sultānm (Hindi spelling सुल्तान)

  1. sultan
  2. king