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Classical Syriac[edit]


From the root ܫ-ܠ-ܛ (š-l-ṭ) related to dominating. Compare Arabic سُلْطَان (sulṭān).


  • IPA(key): [ʃultˁɑnɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʃultˁɑne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܫܘܠܛܢܐ (šūlṭānāʾm (plural ܫܘܠܛܢܐ)

  1. power, might
  2. domination, victory
  3. sway, mastery, control
  4. free will
  5. yielding
  6. permission
  7. function, duty, charge
  8. authority, rule, government, office
  9. sovereignty, imperium, jurisdiction, capacity
  10. dominion, territory, district, province, diocese
  11. sultan, prince
  12. chief, ruler, commander, governor, magistrate
  13. (used with possessive suffixes as a title) Excellency



  • $wlTn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2012-07-20
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 370a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 565b
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1528a-b