caliph

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See also: Caliph

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old French caliphe, from Medieval Latin calipha, from Arabic خَلِيفَة(ḵalīfa, caliph) and خَلِيف(ḵalīf, successor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkeɪ̪lɪf/, /ˈkælɪf/

Noun[edit]

caliph (plural caliphs)

  1. The political leader of the Muslim world, successor of Muhammad's political authority, not religious or spiritual.
    The Abbasid caliphs patronized art and science beside religious developments ushering in the Islamic Golden Age when their capital Baghdad began to flourish as a center of knowledge, culture and trade.

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