vizier

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish وزیر(vezir) (Turkish vezir) (plausibly via French visir, vizir or Spanish visir), from Arabic وَزِير(wazīr, helper, aide, minister, literally one who bears (the burden of office)).[1] Doublet of wazir.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

vizier (plural viziers)

  1. (history) A high-ranking official or minister in an Islamic government, especially in the Ottoman Empire.
  2. (history) The highest-ranking official or minister in ancient Egypt or Ebla; a chief administrator or a chancellor.
  3. (history) An ancient Mesopotamian 𒈛 (sukkal).
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 174:
      As Inanna prepares to descend she fastens the seven divine laws to her side, and as she walks toward the netherworld she speaks to her vizier, Ninshubur.
  4. vicegerent, viceroy
  5. (chess) A fairy chess piece that can only be moved one space up, down, left or right.

Derived terms[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: visír
  • Welsh: fisir

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ vizier”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch visiere, from Old French visiere.

Noun[edit]

vizier n (plural vizieren, diminutive viziertje n)

  1. visor, a removable protective guard on a (knight's) helmet
  2. backsight, a visual aiming aid on the barrel of a gun

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle French visir, from Ottoman Turkish وزیر(vezir), from Arabic وَزِير(wazīr, helper, aide, minister).

Noun[edit]

vizier m (plural viziers or vizieren, diminutive viziertje n)

  1. A high-ranking official or minister in an Islamic government, especially in the Ottoman Empire.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]