russet

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See also: rußet

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English russet, from Anglo-Norman russet, rossat, roset, and Middle French rosset, rousset (reddish, reddish-brown; a rough wool cloth), from Middle French rous, rus (to rouse) + -et (suffix indicating diminution); compare Late Latin rossetum, russetum, russeta (rough wool cloth), Latin russus (red) (from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rewdʰ- (red)), Occitan rosseta (rough wool cloth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

russet (countable and uncountable, plural russets)

  1. A coarse, reddish-brown, homespun fabric; clothes made with such fabric.
  2. A reddish-brown color.
    russet colour:    
  3. A variety of apple with rough, russet-colored skin.
  4. A variety of potato with rough, dark gray-brown skin.

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

russet (comparative more russet, superlative most russet)

  1. Having a reddish-brown color.
    • c. 1599–1601, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, I. 1:
      But, look, the morn, in russet mantle clad / Walks o'er the dew of yon high eastward hill: []
  2. (archaic) Gray or ash-colored.
    • c. 1590–1597, William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream, III. 2:
      When they him spy, / As wild geese that the creeping fowler eye, / Or russet-pated choughs, many in sort, / Rising and cawing at the gun's report, / Sever themselves and madly sweep the sky, / So, at his sight, away his fellows fly []
  3. (botany) Having a rough skin that is reddish-brown or greyish; russeted.
  4. Rustic, homespun, coarse, plain.
  5. The condition of leather when its treatment is complete, but it is not yet colored (stained) and polished.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

russet (third-person singular simple present russets, present participle russeting or russetting, simple past and past participle russeted or russetted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Of apples, pears, etc.: to develop reddish-brown spots; to cause russetting.
    • 2003, John E. Jackson, The Biology of Apples and Pears
      Cultivars differ greatly in their propensity to russet: the characteristic is heritable but more than one factor seems to be involved (Brown, 1975).

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German[edit]

Verb[edit]

russet

  1. Switzerland and Liechtenstein standard spelling of rußet.