erysipelas

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English erisipila, borrowed from Latin erysipelas, from Ancient Greek ἐρῠσῐ́πελᾰς (erusípelas), probably related to ἐρῠθρός (eruthrós, red) and πέλμᾰ (pélma, the sole of a foot).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

erysipelas (countable and uncountable, plural erysipelases)

  1. (medicine) An acute, sometimes recurrent febrile disease caused by infection of a hemolytic streptococcus, associated with intense edematous local inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and marked by large raised red patches on the skin.
    • 1875 July 31, W. R. Smith, “Erysipelas During Parturition”, in James G. Wakley, editor, The Lancet, volume II, number 2709, London: John James Croft, [], ISSN 0140-6736, OCLC 1755507, Notes, Short Comments, and Answers to Correspondents., page 187, column 2:
      The symptoms gradually improved until, on the fifth day from her delivery, I was pleased to find the erysipelas rapidly defervescing, the lochia natural, no subinvolution of the uterus, nor abdominal tenderness.

Derived terms[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἐρῠσῐ́πελᾰς (erusípelas), probably related to ἐρῠθρός (eruthrós, red) and πέλμᾰ (pélma, the sole of a foot) or pellis (a skin, hide, felt, pelt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

erysipelas n (genitive erysipelatos); third declension

  1. (medicine) erysipelas

Inflection[edit]

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, normal variant, neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative erysipelas erysipelata
Genitive erysipelatos erysipelatum
Dative erysipelatī erysipelatibus
Accusative erysipelas erysipelata
Ablative erysipelate erysipelatibus
Vocative erysipelas erysipelata

Descendants[edit]

  • English: erysipelas
  • Middle English: erisipila