ῥόδον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *wródon, borrowed from some Eastern language, most likely Old Persian *wr̥da- (compare Old Armenian վարդ (vard), Classical Syriac ܘܪܕܐ (wardā), Arabic وردة (warda), Persian گل (gol) – all from the same source). Or it could possibly be a Pre-Greek loan, such as Thracian (the rose was native to Thrace).[1]

Based on phonological and historical grounds, borrowing from Iranian is unlikely, according to Rudiger Schmitt.[2]

The Aramaic 𐡅𐡀𐡓𐡃𐡀 (warda) is from Old Persian. Latin rosa (rose) is likely a loanword from Ancient Greek.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ῥόδον (rhódonn (genitive ῥόδου); second declension

  1. rose (usually Rosa gallica)
  2. (in phrases)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ῥόδον in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ῥόδον in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • «ῥόδον» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • ῥόδον in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • rose idem, page 721.
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1290
  1. ^ Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).
  2. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/greece-xi-xii