mandarin

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See also: Mandarin and mandarín

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmæn.də.ɹɪn/
  • (file)
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  • Hyphenation: man‧da‧rin

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese mandarim, mandarij, from Malay menteri, manteri, and its source, Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् (mantrin, minister, councillor), from मन्त्र (mantra, counsel, maxim, mantra) + -इन् (-in, an agent suffix).

Chinese folk etymology sometimes erroneously claims that the word originates from 滿大人 (Mǎndàrén, literally Manchu important man).

Noun[edit]

mandarin (plural mandarins)

  1. (historical) a high government bureaucrat of the Chinese Empire [from 1580s]
  2. a pedantic or elitist bureaucrat
  3. (often derogatory) a pedantic senior person of influence in academia or literary circles
    • 1966, "The Beauty of His Malice", Time:
      Its sting preserved to literature a fierce peculiar genius [Waugh] who, in the 40 years before his death last week at 62, achieved recognition as the grand old mandarin of modern British prose and as a satirist whose skill at sticking pens in people rates him a roomy cell in the murderers’ row (Swift, Pope, Wilde, Shaw) of English letters.
  4. (ornithology) Ellipsis of mandarin duck
  5. (informal, Britain) a senior civil servant
Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Adjective[edit]

mandarin (comparative more mandarin, superlative most mandarin)

  1. pertaining to or reminiscent of mandarins; deliberately superior or complex; esoteric, highbrow, obscurantist [from 20th c.]
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society 2010, p. 58:
      A mandarin impassivity had descended over Smiley's face. The earlier emotion was quite gone.
    • 2007, Marina Warner, ‘Doubly Damned’, London Review of Books 29:3, p. 26:
      Though alert to riddles' strong roots in vernacular narrative, Cook's tastes are mandarin, and she gives a loving account of Wallace Stevens's meditations on the life of poetic images and simile […].

Etymology 2[edit]

From French mandarine, feminine of mandarin, probably formed as Etymology 1, above, from the yellow colour of the mandarins' costume.

Noun[edit]

mandarin (plural mandarins)

  1. Ellipsis of mandarin orange:
    1. a small, sweet citrus fruit
    2. tree of species Citrus reticulata
  2. (color) an orange colour
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish mandarín.

Noun[edit]

mandarin

  1. mandarin (fruit)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Mirjejev, V. A.; Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese mandarim.

Noun[edit]

mandarin c (singular definite mandarinen, plural indefinite mandariner)

  1. mandarin (Chinese Imperial bureaucrat)
  2. mandarin orange, mandarin (a small, sweet citrus fruit)

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

mandarin n

  1. Mandarin

References[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Danish mandarin, from Dutch mandorijn or Portuguese mandarim, mandarij, from Malay menteri, manteri, from Hindi मन्त्रि (mantri), from Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् (mantrin, minister, councillor), from मन्त्र (mantra, counsel, maxim, mantra) + -इन् (-in, an agent suffix).

Noun[edit]

mandarin f (genitive singular mandarinar, plural mandarinir)

  1. mandarin orange, mandarin (a small, sweet citrus fruit)

Declension[edit]

Declension of mandarin
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative mandarin mandarinin mandarinir mandarinirnar
accusative mandarin mandarinina mandarinir mandarinirnar
dative mandarin mandarinini mandarinum mandarinunum
genitive mandarinar mandarinarinnar mandarina mandarinanna

Noun[edit]

mandarin n (genitive singular mandarins)

  1. Mandarin

Declension[edit]

Singular
Indefinite
Nominative mandarin
Accusative mandarin
Dative mandarini
Genitive mandarins

See also[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mandarin (feminine singular mandarine, masculine plural mandarins, feminine plural mandarines)

  1. mandarin (of the former Chinese empire)

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

mandarin m (uncountable)

  1. Mandarin (language)

Further reading[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɒndɒrin]
  • Hyphenation: man‧da‧rin

Etymology 1[edit]

International word, it came into Hungarian mainly via German, originally from Portuguese mandarim, mandarij, from Malay menteri, manteri.[1]

Noun[edit]

mandarin (plural mandarinok)

  1. (historical) mandarin
  2. (singular only) Mandarin (language)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative mandarin mandarinok
accusative mandarint mandarinokat
dative mandarinnak mandarinoknak
instrumental mandarinnal mandarinokkal
causal-final mandarinért mandarinokért
translative mandarinná mandarinokká
terminative mandarinig mandarinokig
essive-formal mandarinként mandarinokként
essive-modal
inessive mandarinban mandarinokban
superessive mandarinon mandarinokon
adessive mandarinnál mandarinoknál
illative mandarinba mandarinokba
sublative mandarinra mandarinokra
allative mandarinhoz mandarinokhoz
elative mandarinból mandarinokból
delative mandarinról mandarinokról
ablative mandarintól mandarinoktól
Possessive forms of mandarin
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. mandarinom mandarinjaim
2nd person sing. mandarinod mandarinjaid
3rd person sing. mandarinja mandarinjai
1st person plural mandarinunk mandarinjaink
2nd person plural mandarinotok mandarinjaitok
3rd person plural mandarinjuk mandarinjaik

Etymology 2[edit]

International word, it came into Hungarian mainly via German, probably formed as Etymology 1, above, from the yellow colour of the mandarins' costume.

Noun[edit]

mandarin (plural mandarinok)

  1. mandarin, mandarin orange (fruit)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative mandarin mandarinok
accusative mandarint mandarinokat
dative mandarinnak mandarinoknak
instrumental mandarinnal mandarinokkal
causal-final mandarinért mandarinokért
translative mandarinná mandarinokká
terminative mandarinig mandarinokig
essive-formal mandarinként mandarinokként
essive-modal
inessive mandarinban mandarinokban
superessive mandarinon mandarinokon
adessive mandarinnál mandarinoknál
illative mandarinba mandarinokba
sublative mandarinra mandarinokra
allative mandarinhoz mandarinokhoz
elative mandarinból mandarinokból
delative mandarinról mandarinokról
ablative mandarintól mandarinoktól
Possessive forms of mandarin
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. mandarinom mandarinjaim
2nd person sing. mandarinod mandarinjaid
3rd person sing. mandarinja mandarinjai
1st person plural mandarinunk mandarinjaink
2nd person plural mandarinotok mandarinjaitok
3rd person plural mandarinjuk mandarinjaik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् (mantrin, minister, councillor), Malay menteri, manteri, and Portuguese mandarim.

Noun[edit]

mandarin m (definite singular mandarinen, indefinite plural mandariner, definite plural mandarinene)

  1. (uncountable) Mandarin (official language in China)
  2. a mandarin ((formerly) a Chinese official; (now) a bureaucrat)
  3. (fruit) a mandarin or mandarin orange

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit मन्त्रिन् (mantrin, minister, councillor), Malay menteri, manteri, and Portuguese mandarim.

Noun[edit]

mandarin m (definite singular mandarinen, indefinite plural mandarinar, definite plural mandarinane)

  1. (uncountable) Mandarin (official language in China)
  2. a mandarin ((formerly) a Chinese official; (now) a bureaucrat)
  3. (fruit) a mandarin or mandarin orange

References[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mandǎriːn/
  • Hyphenation: man‧da‧rin

Noun[edit]

mandàrīn m (Cyrillic spelling манда̀рӣн)

  1. mandarin (Chinese Imperial bureaucrat)

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

mandarin c

  1. mandarin orange
  2. (historical) mandarin; a high government bureaucrat of the Chinese Empire.
  3. (non-inflectable, not comparable) Mandarin

Declension[edit]

Declension of mandarin 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mandarin mandarinen mandariner mandarinerna
Genitive mandarins mandarinens mandariners mandarinernas