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See also:
U+95A9, 閩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-95A9

[U+95A8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+95AA]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169, +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 日弓中一戈 (ANLMI), four-corner 77136, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1335, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41315
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1841, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4295, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+95A9

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𨷷

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*roːs, *mruːns
*min, *mrɯn, *mɯn
*mrɯn, *mɯn
*mɯːŋ, *mrɯːŋ
*mɯːn
*mɯːn
*mɯːns
*mɯn, *mɯns
*mɯn
*mɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯn, *mɯn): phonetic  (OC *mɯːn) + semantic  (snake). The radical was a common component of the names of barbarians (Schuessler, 2007), probably reflecting the Min people's worship of snakes (Li, 2017).

Etymology[edit]

In most modern Min dialects and some other southern dialects (including Hakka and Xiang), it is read with a level tone (平聲), which is the expected reflex based on rime dictionaries. In Mandarin and the remaining southern dialects, it is read with a rising tone (上聲), probably due to analogy with the phonetic component of (MC mˠiɪnX) (Li, 2017).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: man4 - uncommon.
Note:
  • bân - vernacular;
  • bîn - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (4) (4)
    Final () (44) (59)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Closed
    Division () Chongniu III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠiɪn/ /mɨun/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚin/ /miun/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mien/ /miuən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mjin/ /mun/
    Li
    Rong
    /mjĕn/ /miuən/
    Wang
    Li
    /mǐĕn/ /mĭuən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ĕn/ /mi̯uən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mín wén
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ min ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrə[n]/
    English southern tribes

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 8956 8966
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrɯn/ /*mɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Min people (ancient ethnic group)
    2. (~江) Min River (a river in Fujian, China)
    3. Fujian
    4. (~語, 方言) Min languages
    5. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    See also[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (min) (hangeul , revised min, McCune–Reischauer min, Yale min)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mân)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.