affiance

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French affiance < affier (< Medieval Latin affīdāre < *fīdāre < Latin fīdere) + -ance.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

affiance ‎(third-person singular simple present affiances, present participle affiancing, simple past and past participle affianced)

  1. (transitive) To be betrothed to; to promise to marry.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

affiance ‎(plural affiances)

  1. Faith, trust.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essayes, London: Edward Blount, OCLC 946730821, II.12:
      All other outward shewes and exterior apparences are common to all religions: As hope, affiance [transl. confiance], events, ceremonies, penitence and martyrdome.
    • Sir J. Stephen
      Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love.
    • Tennyson
      Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have / Most joy and most affiance.
  2. (archaic) A solemn engagement, especially a pledge of marriage.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iv:
      I that Ladie to my spouse had wonne; / Accord of friends, consent of parents sought, / Affiance made, my happinesse begonne [].

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French afiance, from afier(to promise) +‎ -ance.

Noun[edit]

affiance f (plural affiances)

  1. promise (verbal guarantee)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • affiance on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) (in French)