joule

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See also: Joule and jõule

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Named after English physicist James Prescott Joule (1818–1889). The surname is a variant of Joel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: jo͞ol, joul; IPA(key): /d͡ʒuːl/, /d͡ʒaʊl/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophones: jewel (/-uː-/, one pronunciation), jowl (/-aʊ-/), Juul (/-uː-/)
  • Rhymes: -uːl, -aʊl

Noun[edit]

joule (plural joules)

  1. In the International System of Units, the derived unit of energy, work and heat; the work required to exert a force of one newton for a distance of one metre. Equivalent to one watt of power for a duration of one second. Symbol: J

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈdʒau̯l]
  • Hyphenation: joule

Noun[edit]

joule m inan

  1. joule (the derived unit of energy, work and heat)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • joule in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • joule in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French joule

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjou̯le/, [ˈjo̞u̯le̞]
  • Rhymes: -oule
  • Syllabification(key): jou‧le

Noun[edit]

joule

  1. joule (unit of measure)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of joule (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative joule joulet
genitive joulen joulejen
partitive joulea jouleja
illative jouleen jouleihin
singular plural
nominative joule joulet
accusative nom. joule joulet
gen. joulen
genitive joulen joulejen
jouleinrare
partitive joulea jouleja
inessive joulessa jouleissa
elative joulesta jouleista
illative jouleen jouleihin
adessive joulella jouleilla
ablative joulelta jouleilta
allative joulelle jouleille
essive joulena jouleina
translative jouleksi jouleiksi
abessive jouletta jouleitta
instructive joulein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of joule (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative jouleni jouleni
accusative nom. jouleni jouleni
gen. jouleni
genitive jouleni joulejeni
jouleinirare
partitive jouleani joulejani
inessive joulessani jouleissani
elative joulestani jouleistani
illative jouleeni jouleihini
adessive joulellani jouleillani
ablative jouleltani jouleiltani
allative joulelleni jouleilleni
essive joulenani jouleinani
translative joulekseni jouleikseni
abessive joulettani jouleittani
instructive
comitative jouleineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative joulesi joulesi
accusative nom. joulesi joulesi
gen. joulesi
genitive joulesi joulejesi
jouleisirare
partitive jouleasi joulejasi
inessive joulessasi jouleissasi
elative joulestasi jouleistasi
illative jouleesi jouleihisi
adessive joulellasi jouleillasi
ablative jouleltasi jouleiltasi
allative joulellesi jouleillesi
essive joulenasi jouleinasi
translative jouleksesi jouleiksesi
abessive joulettasi jouleittasi
instructive
comitative jouleinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative joulemme joulemme
accusative nom. joulemme joulemme
gen. joulemme
genitive joulemme joulejemme
jouleimmerare
partitive jouleamme joulejamme
inessive joulessamme jouleissamme
elative joulestamme jouleistamme
illative jouleemme jouleihimme
adessive joulellamme jouleillamme
ablative jouleltamme jouleiltamme
allative joulellemme jouleillemme
essive joulenamme jouleinamme
translative jouleksemme jouleiksemme
abessive joulettamme jouleittamme
instructive
comitative jouleinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative joulenne joulenne
accusative nom. joulenne joulenne
gen. joulenne
genitive joulenne joulejenne
jouleinnerare
partitive jouleanne joulejanne
inessive joulessanne jouleissanne
elative joulestanne jouleistanne
illative jouleenne jouleihinne
adessive joulellanne jouleillanne
ablative jouleltanne jouleiltanne
allative joulellenne jouleillenne
essive joulenanne jouleinanne
translative jouleksenne jouleiksenne
abessive joulettanne jouleittanne
instructive
comitative jouleinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative joulensa joulensa
accusative nom. joulensa joulensa
gen. joulensa
genitive joulensa joulejensa
jouleinsarare
partitive jouleaan
jouleansa
joulejaan
joulejansa
inessive joulessaan
joulessansa
jouleissaan
jouleissansa
elative joulestaan
joulestansa
jouleistaan
jouleistansa
illative jouleensa jouleihinsa
adessive joulellaan
joulellansa
jouleillaan
jouleillansa
ablative jouleltaan
jouleltansa
jouleiltaan
jouleiltansa
allative joulelleen
joulellensa
jouleilleen
jouleillensa
essive joulenaan
joulenansa
jouleinaan
jouleinansa
translative joulekseen
jouleksensa
jouleikseen
jouleiksensa
abessive joulettaan
joulettansa
jouleittaan
jouleittansa
instructive
comitative jouleineen
jouleinensa

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English joule, from English physicist James Prescott Joule.

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule
    Synonym: xulio

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒul/, /ˈd͡ʒawl/, (not recommended) /ˈʒul/[1][2]
  • Rhymes: -ul, -awl
  • Hyphenation: joule

Noun[edit]

joule m (invariable)

  1. joule

References[edit]

  1. ^ joule in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana
  2. ^ joule in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from French joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈʒaw.li/ [ˈʒaʊ̯.li]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈʒaw.le/ [ˈʒaʊ̯.le]

  • Hyphenation: jou‧le

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule (derived unit of energy, work and heat)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural jouli)

  1. joule

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English joule, from English physicist James Prescott Joule.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • IPA(key): (everywhere but Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈʝul/ [ˈɟ͡ʝul]
  • IPA(key): (Buenos Aires and environs) /ˈʃul/ [ˈʃul]
  • IPA(key): (elsewhere in Argentina and Uruguay) /ˈʒul/ [ˈʒul]

Noun[edit]

joule m (plural joules)

  1. joule
    Synonym: julio

Usage notes[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading[edit]