صفر

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See also: صقرand ص ف ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

In a specific sense, literally means "void" in Arabic, supposedly because pagan Arabs looted during this month and left the houses empty.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

صَفَر (ṣafarm

  1. Safar, the second of the twelve months of the Muslim lunar calendar, each beginning with a new moon.
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r).

Verb[edit]

صَفِرَ (ṣafira) I, non-past يَصْفَرُ‎‎ (yaṣfaru)

  1. to be empty, to be devoid, to be vacant
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Causative of صَفِرَ(ṣafira, to be empty).

Verb[edit]

صَفَّرَ (ṣaffara) II, non-past يُصَفِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣaffiru)

  1. to empty, to void, to vacate, to evacuate, to free
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r). Compare صَفِرَ(ṣafira, to be empty).

Adjective[edit]

صَفْر or صِفْر or صُفْر or صَفِر or صُفُر (ṣafr or ṣifr or ṣufr or ṣafir or ṣufur) (masculine plural أَصْفَار(ʾaṣfār), elative أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar))

  1. empty, void, devoid, free from
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Arabic numbers (edit)
٠
0
1  → 
    Cardinal: صِفْر (ṣifr)

Calqued from Sanskrit शून्य (śūnya), also with the original meaning of "empty, void." Compare صَفْر(ṣafr, empty, void) (also صِفْر(ṣifr)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

صِفْر (ṣifrm (plural أَصْفَار(ʾaṣfār))

  1. zero
    Eastern Arabic numeral: ٠(0)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Causative from the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r), from which the color or defect adjective أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar, yellow) also comes.

Verb[edit]

صَفَّرَ (ṣaffara) II, non-past يُصَفِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣaffiru)

  1. to dye yellow, to make yellow, to color yellow
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Related to أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar, yellow), from the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r).

Noun[edit]

صُفْر (ṣufrm

  1. brass
  2. money
Declension[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

In its meaning "jaundice", related to أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar, yellow), from the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r).

Noun[edit]

صَفَر (ṣafarm

  1. verbal noun of صَفِرَ (ṣafira) (form I)
  2. (medicine) jaundice
Declension[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Inflected form.

Adjective[edit]

صُفْر (ṣufrm pl

  1. plural of أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar, yellow)

Etymology 10[edit]

From the root ص ف ر(ṣ-f-r).

Verb[edit]

صَفَرَ (ṣafara) I, non-past يَصْفِرُ‎‎ (yaṣfiru)

  1. to whistle
  2. to hiss
  3. to chirp, to stridulate
  4. to scream (of a siren)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 11[edit]

Presumably, originally an intensive of صَفَرَ(ṣafara, to whistle, hiss, chirp), later losing its intensive sense.

Verb[edit]

صَفَّرَ (ṣaffara) II, non-past يُصَفِّرُ‎‎ (yuṣaffiru)

  1. to whistle
  2. to hiss
  3. to chirp, to stridulate
  4. to scream (of a siren)
Conjugation[edit]

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic صَفَر(ṣafar).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

صفر (Rumi spelling Safar‎)

  1. Safar (the second month of the Islamic calendar)
Synonyms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
٠ ١  > 
    Cardinal : صفر

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

صفر (Rumi spelling sifar‎)

  1. zero
Synonyms[edit]

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَصْفَر(ʾaṣfar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

صفر (ṣfar) (feminine صفرا(ṣafra), common plural صوفر(ṣūfer), masculine plural صفرين(ṣafrīn), feminine plural صفرات(ṣafrāt), elative أصفر(ʔaṣfar) or صفر (ṣfar))

  1. yellow

See also[edit]

Colors in Moroccan Arabic · ألوان(ʔalwān) (layout · text)
     بيض(byaḍ)      رمادي(rmādi)      كحل(kḥal)
             حمر(ḥmar)              ليموني(līmūni, laymūni); قهوي(qahwi)              صفر (ṣfar)
             ليمي(līmi)              خضر(ḵḍar)              نعناعي(naʕnāʕi)
             سماوي(smāwi)              لازوردي(lāzūrdi)              زرق(zraq)
             موڤ(mūv, mūf)              بنفسجي(banafsaji)              وردي(wardi)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Ottoman Turkish cardinal numbers
0 1  > 
    Cardinal : صفر (sıfr)
    Ordinal : صفرنجی(sıfrıncı)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr).

Numeral[edit]

صفر (sıfr, sıfır)

  1. zero (0)
    Next number: بر(bir) (1)

Noun[edit]

صفر (sıfır)

  1. nought, naught, zero

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic صَفَر(ṣafar).

Noun[edit]

صفر (safer)

  1. Safar
Descendants[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian numbers (edit)
۰
0
1  → 
    Cardinal: صفر

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic صَفَر(ṣafar).

Proper noun[edit]

صفر (safar)

  1. Safar

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr).

Noun[edit]

صفر (sefr)

  1. nought, naught, cipher, zero

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian صفر(safar), from Arabic صَفَر(ṣafar).

Proper noun[edit]

صفر (safar?

  1. Safar

Etymology 2[edit]

From Persian صفر(sefr), from Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr).

Numeral[edit]

صفر (sifar), Hindi spelling: सिफ़र (sifar)

  1. zero

Noun[edit]

صفر (sifrm

  1. nought, naught, cipher, zero