jaundice

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English jaundis, jaunis, from Middle French jaunisse, from jaune (yellow) + -isse (-ness). Jaune, from Old French jalne, from Latin galbinus (yellowish), from galbus (yellow).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɔndɪs/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdʒɔːndɪs/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔːndɪs

Noun[edit]

jaundice (countable and uncountable, plural jaundices)

  1. (pathology) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine. [from early 14th c.]
    Synonym: icterus
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 163:
      Why ſhould a man whoſe bloud is warme within, / Sit like his Grandſire, cut in Alabaſter? / Sleepe when he wakes? and creep into the Iaundies / By being peeuiſh?
    • 1920, Natalie Clifford Barney, “A Sonnet to My Lady with the Jaundice”, in Poems & poèmes:
      But look in this new mirror, lovely friend. / Both gods and fairies wait on lovers' wills. / That jaundices be changed to daffodils!
    • 2004, Gabrielle Hatfield, Encyclopedia of Folk Medicine: Old World and New World Traditions, ABC-CLIO (→ISBN), page 215:
      In British folk medicine there are some unusual remedies for jaundice. A bizarre superstition from Staffordshire is that if a bladder is filled with the patient's urine and placed near the fire, as it dries out, the patient will recover (Black 1883: 56).
    • 2016, Dueep Jyot Singh, John Davidson, Knowing More About Jaundice - Prevention and Natural Cure Remedies of Jaundice, Mendon Cottage Books (→ISBN), page 8:
      Just ask the doctors how many cases of infantile jaundice in newborn babies have this scene that particular week?
  2. (figuratively) A feeling of bitterness, resentment or jealousy. [from 1620s]
    • 1842, Alfred Tennyson, “Walking to the Mail”, in Poems. [], volume II, London: Edward Moxon, [], OCLC 1008064829, page 48:
      No, sir, he, / Vex'd with a morbid devil in his blood / That veil'd the world with jaundice, hid his face / From all men, and commercing with himself, / He lost the sense that handles daily life— []

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Verb[edit]

jaundice (third-person singular simple present jaundices, present participle jaundicing, simple past and past participle jaundiced)

  1. (transitive) To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice. [from 1791]

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