سفر

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: شقرand س ف ر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root س ف ر(s-f-r). Akkadian 𒆥 (KIN /šapāru/, to send).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَفَر (safarm (plural أَسْفَار(ʾasfār))

  1. departure, journey, travel
  2. campaign, military expedition
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَفَّرَ (saffara) II, non-past يُسَفِّرُ‎‎ (yusaffiru)

  1. to cause to journey, to put on board
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَفَرَ (safara) I, non-past يَسْفِرُ‎‎ (yasfiru) (archaic)

  1. to strip, to remove, to sweep away, to carry off in every direction
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَفَرَ (safara) I, non-past يَسْفِرُ‎‎ (yasfiru)

  1. (intransitive) to unveil, to put away one's shroud
    • a. 1113, Al-Abīwardīy, وَسِربِ عَذارى مِن رَبيعَةِ عامِرٍ[1]:
      وَقَد سَفَرَتْ عَنْ وَجْهِهَا فَتَمَزَّقَتْ
      waqad safarat ʿan wajhihā fatamazzaqat
      She removed her veil and got torn.
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَفْر (safrm

  1. verbal noun of سَفَرَ (safara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Not relating to meanings from the root س ف ر(s-f-r) but terminology of the religious sphere borrowed from Aramaic סִפְרָא(sip̱rā, writing, book) / ܣܷܦܪܴܐ(sep̱rā, writing, book); and compare Hebrew סֵפֶר(sēp̄er, writing, book).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِفْر (sifrm (plural أَسْفَار(ʾasfār))

  1. written book
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 62:5:
      مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا‎‎
      maṯalu allaḏīna ḥummilū t-tawrāta ṯumma lam yaḥmilūhā kamaṯali l-ḥimāri yaḥmilu ʾasfāran
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. (Christianity, Judaism) a book of the Bible
    سِفْرُ ٱلْمُلُوكِ ٱلْأَوَّلُ‎ ― sifru l-mulūki l-ʾawwaluthe First Book of Kings
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938), “سِفْر”, in The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 170–171

Central Kurdish[edit]

Central Kurdish cardinal numbers
۰ ۱  > 
    Cardinal : سفر (sifr)

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr).

Numeral[edit]

سفر (sifir)

  1. zero; 0

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سَفَر(safar).

Noun[edit]

سفر (sefer)

  1. travel
  2. campaign

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic سَفَر(safar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari سفر
Iranian Persian
Tajik сафар (safar)

سفر (safar)

  1. travel
    من سفر هوائی را دوست ندارم.‎‎
    man safar havâ'i-râ dust nadâram.
    I don't like travelling by air.
  2. trip
  3. voyage
  4. journey
  5. expedition
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سِفْر(sifr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سفر (sefr)

  1. book

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

De-emphaticization in urban Palestinian accents.

Numeral[edit]

سفر (sifr)

  1. Alternative form of صفر(ṣifr): zero

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian سفر(safar), from Arabic سَفَر(safar).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَفَر (safarm (Hindi spelling सफ़र)

  1. travel, voyage
  2. trip, journey
  3. expedition

Declension[edit]

Declension of سفر
singular plural
direct سفر(safar) سفر(safar)
oblique سفر(safar) سفروں(safarō̃)
vocative سفر(safar) سفرو(safarō)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • سفر”, in اُردُو لُغَت (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • سفر”, in Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2022.