كحل

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See also: کچلand ك ح ل

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The noun كُحْل (kuḥl) is borrowed from Aramaic כוחלא‎ /‎ ܟܘܚܠܐ(kuḥlā), from Akkadian 𒉌𒌓𒋆𒁉𒍣𒁕 (/guḫlu/, antimon, stibium). Everything else of this root ك ح ل(k-ḥ-l) is denominal.

Verb[edit]

كَحَلَ (kaḥala) I, non-past يَكْحُلُor يَكْحَلُ‎‎ (yakḥulu or yakḥalu)

  1. to rub with kohl (stibnite), to paint with kohl

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَحَّلَ (kaḥḥala) II, non-past يُكَحِّلُ‎‎ (yukaḥḥilu)

  1. to rub with kohl (stibnite), to paint with kohl

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كُحْل (kuḥlm (plural أَكْحَال(ʾakḥāl))

  1. antimony
  2. kohl, stibnite (pulverized antimony)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Ge'ez: ኵሕል (kʷəḥəl)
  • Kurdish:
    Northern Kurdish: kil
    Central Kurdish: کِل(kil)
    Southern Kurdish: کِڵ(kill)
  • Persian: کpل(kohl)

Noun[edit]

كَحَل (kaḥalm

  1. black coloring of the edges of the eyelids

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

كَحِل (kaḥil)

  1. darkened with kohl, dyed black (of the eyelids)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَحْل (kaḥlm

  1. verbal noun of كَحُلَ (kaḥula) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of كَحَلَ (kaḥala) (form I)

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hille, K. A. (1851), “Ueber den Gebrauch und die Zusammensetzung der orientalischen Augenschminke (الكُحْل)”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 5, pages 236–242
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1910) Neue Beiträge zur semitischen Sprachwissenschaft[2] (in German), Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, page 40
  • Zimmern, Heinrich (1915) Akkadische Fremdwörter als Beweis für babylonischen Kultureinfluss (in German), Leipzig: A. Edelmann, page 61