لون

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Arabic[edit]

Root
ل و ن(l-w-n)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *lawn, from Proto-Afroasiatic *lwn-; cognate with Egyptian jwn.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لَوْن (lawnm (pluralأَلْوَان(ʔalwān))

  1. (countable, uncountable) color
    الزُّهُورُ فِي هَٰذِهِ ٱلْحَدِيقَةِ مُتَنَوِّعَةُ ٱلْأَلْوَانِ وَتُضْفِي جَمَالًا خَاصًّا عَلَى ٱلْمَكَانِ.
    az-zuhūru fī hāḏihi l-ḥadīqati mutanawwiʕatu l-ʔalwāni watuḍfī jamālan ḵāṣṣan ʕalā l-makāni.
    The flowers in this garden are diverse in colors and add a special beauty to the place.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 2:69:
      قَالُوا ٱدْعُ لَنَا رَبَّكَ يُبَيِّن لَّنَا مَا لَوْنُهَا ۚ قَالَ إِنَّهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّهَا بَقَرَةٌ صَفْرَاءُ فَاقِعٌ لَّوْنُهَا تَسُرُّ ٱلنَّاظِرِينَ
      qālū dʕu lanā rabbaka yubayyin lanā mā lawnuhā qāla ʔinnahu yaqūlu ʔinnahā baqaratun ṣafrāʔu fāqiʕun lawnuhā tasurru n-nāẓirīna
      They said, "Call upon your Lord to show us what is her color." He said, "He says, 'It is a yellow cow, bright in color - pleasing to the observers.'"
  2. type, variety

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: ⁧لون(lūn)
  • Gulf Arabic: ⁧لون(lōn)
  • Hijazi Arabic: ⁧لون(lōn)
  • Maltese: lewn
  • Moroccan Arabic: ⁧لون(lūn)

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

لَوَّنَ (lawwana) II, non-pastيُلَوِّنُ⁩‎ (yulawwinu)

  1. to colour, to paint

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 31

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia has an article on:
لون
Wikipedia arz

Etymology[edit]

From Arabicلَوْن(lawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

لون (lūnm (pluralألوان(alwā́n))

  1. color

See also[edit]

Colors in Egyptian Arabic · ⁧الوان(ʔalwān) (layout · text)
    ابيض(ʔabyɑḍ)     رمادى(rumādi)     اسود(ʔiswid)
            احمر(ʔaḥmar); ⁧لعلى(laʕli)             برتقانى(burtuʔāni); ⁧بنى(bunni)             اصفر(ʔaṣfar); ⁧سمنى(samni)
            لمونى(lamūni)             اخضر(ʔaḵḍar)             كرمبى(kurumbi); ⁧زيتى(zēti)
            فروزى(farūzi); ⁧جنزارى(ginzāri)             لازوردى(lazawardi)             ازرق(ʔazraʔ)
            بنفسجى(banafsigi); ⁧نيلى(nīli)             ارجوانى(ʔurguwāni); ⁧بتنجانى(bitingāni)             بمبى(bambi)

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
ل و ن
1 term

From Arabicلَوْن(lawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لون (lōnm (dualلونين(lōnēn), pluralالوان(alwān))

  1. color
Derived terms[edit]
  • شلون(šlōn, how) (univerbation of ⁧شنو(šinu, what) + ⁧لون(lōn).)

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
ل و ن
1 term

From Arabicلَوَّنَ(lawwana).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

لَوَّن (lawwan) II (non-pastيلون(ylawwin))

  1. to color, to colorize

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Root
ل و ن
1 term

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicلَوْن(lawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لون (lōnm (pluralألوان(ʔalwān))

  1. color

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicلَوَّنَ(lawwana).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

لَوَّن (lawwan) II (non-pastيِلَوِّن(yilawwin))

  1. to color, to paint
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧لون(lawwan)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m لونت(lawwant) لونت(lawwant) لون(lawwan) لوننا(lawwanna) لونتوا(lawwantu) لونوا(lawwanu)
f لونتي(lawwanti) لونت(lawwanat)
non-past m ألون(ʔalawwin) تلون(tilawwin) يلون(yilawwin) نلون(nilawwin) تلونوا(tilawwinu) يلونوا(yilawwinu)
f تلوني(tilawwini) تلون(tilawwin)
imperative m لون(lawwin) لونوا(lawwinu)
f لوني(lawwini)

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Root
ل و ن
1 term

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicلَوْن(lawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لون (lūnm (pluralألوان(ʔalwān) orلوان(lwān))

  1. color

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabicلَوَّنَ(lawwana).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

لون (lawwan) II (non-pastيلون(ylawwan))

  1. to color
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ⁧لون
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m لوّنت(lawwant) لوّنتي(lawwanti) لوّن(lawwan) لوّننا(lawwanna) لوّنتوا(lawwantu) لوّنوا(lawwnu)
f لوّنت(lawwnāt)
non-past m نلوّن(nlawwan) تلوّن(tlawwan) يلوّن(ylawwan) نلوّنوا(nlawwnu) تلوّنوا(tlawwnu) يلوّنوا(ylawwnu)
f تلوّني(tlawwni) تلوّن(tlawwan)
imperative m لوّن(lawwan) لوّنوا(lawwnu)
f لوّني(lawwni)

Punjabi[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • نُوݨ(nūṇ) (rare, dialectal)

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Punjabiلوݨ(lōṇ /⁠lvn⁠/), from Prakrit 𑀮𑁄𑀡 (loṇa), from Sanskrit लवण (lavaṇá) (see for cognates).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

لُوݨ (lūṇm (Gurmukhi spelling ਲੂਣ)

  1. table salt
    Synonym:نَمَک(namak)
  2. (chemistry) salt

Declension[edit]

Declension of ⁧لون
dir. sg. لُوݨ(lūṇ)
dir. pl. لُوݨ(lūṇ)
singular plural
direct لُوݨ(lūṇ) لُوݨ(lūṇ)
oblique لُوݨ(lūṇ) لُوݨاں(lūṇāṉ)
vocative لُوݨا(lūṇā) لُوݨو(lūṇo)
ablative لُوݨوں(lūṇoṉ)
locative لُوݨے(lūṇe) لُوݨِیں(lūṇīṉ)
instrumental لُوݨے(lūṇe) لُوݨِیں(lūṇīṉ)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Iqbal, Salah ud-Din (2002), “⁧لُون⁩”, in vaḍḍī panjābī lughat‎ (in Punjabi), Lahore: ʻAzīz Pablisharz
  • ਲੂਣ”, in Punjabi-English Dictionary, Patiala: Punjabi University, 2024
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “lavaṇá”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabicلَوْن(lawn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /loːn/, [loːn]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

لون (lōnm (pluralألوان(alwān))

  1. color
  2. style, genre
See also[edit]
Colors · ⁧الألوان(il-ʔalwān)
    أبيض(ʔabyaḍ, white)     أسود(ʔaswad, black)
         أحمر(ʔaḥmar, red), ⁧خمري(ḵamri, crimson)     رمادي(ramādi, grey), ⁧سكني(sakani, grey)
         بردقاني(burdʔāni, orange), ⁧بني(binni, brown)     أصفر(ʔaṣfar, yellow)
    أخضر(ʔaḵḍar, green)          أزرق(ʔazraʔ, blue), ⁧كحلي(kuḥli, navy)
    بنفسجي(banafsaji, violet), ⁧نهدي(nahdi, purple)     زهري(zahri, pink), ⁧ليلكي(lēlaki, lilac)

Etymology 2[edit]

لو(law) +‎ ⁧إن(ʔinn-).

Conjunction[edit]

لونّـ (lawenn-)

  1. if (hypothetical condition; followed by a suffix pronoun)
    Synonym:لو(law)
  2. if only (followed by a suffix pronoun)
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms of ⁧لون
Base form لونّـ(lawenn-)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person لونّي(lawenni) لونّا(lawenna)
2nd person لونّك(lawennak) لونّك(lawennek) لونكم(lawenkom)
3rd person لونّه(lawenno) إلونها(lawenha) لونهم(lawenhom)
See also[edit]