cifra

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: cifrá, cifră, and ċifra

Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

cifra f (plural cifres)

  1. number, figure

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cifra f

  1. digit

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin cifra (zero, numeral), from Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ ˈt͡sifrɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cif‧ra
  • Rhymes: -rɒ

Adjective[edit]

cifra (comparative cifrább, superlative legcifrább)

  1. ornamented, gaudy
  2. (figurative, colloquial) indecent, vulgar, dirty

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative cifra cifrák
accusative cifrát cifrákat
dative cifrának cifráknak
instrumental cifrával cifrákkal
causal-final cifráért cifrákért
translative cifrává cifrákká
terminative cifráig cifrákig
essive-formal cifraként cifrákként
essive-modal
inessive cifrában cifrákban
superessive cifrán cifrákon
adessive cifránál cifráknál
illative cifrába cifrákba
sublative cifrára cifrákra
allative cifrához cifrákhoz
elative cifrából cifrákból
delative cifráról cifrákról
ablative cifrától cifráktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
cifráé cifráké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
cifráéi cifrákéi

Derived terms[edit]

Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ cifra in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • cifra in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • cifra in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (planned)

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Medieval Latin cifra (zero, numeral), from Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing). Doublet of zero.

Noun[edit]

cifra f (plural cifre)

  1. figure, numeral
  2. sum
  3. code, cipher
  4. (in the plural) initials, monogram

Verb[edit]

cifra

  1. third-person singular present indicative of cifrare
  2. second-person singular imperative of cifrare

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr, zero, empty, nothing).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cifra f (genitive cifrae); first declension (Medieval Latin)

  1. numeral, cipher
  2. zero (symbol)
    • ca. 1230, Johannes de Sacrobosco, De Arte Numerandi, in Rara Mathematica (1841), p.3 [1]
      Decima figura dicitur theta, vel circulus, vel cifra, vel figura nihili quia nihil significat, sed locum tenens dat aliis significare: nam sine cifra vel cifris purus non potest scribi articulus.
      The tenth symbol is called theta, or circle, or zero, or the null symbol, which indicates none, but, holding a place, gives a different meaning: for without a zero or zeroes, it is not possible to write the pure single word.

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cifra cifrae
Genitive cifrae cifrārum
Dative cifrae cifrīs
Accusative cifram cifrās
Ablative cifrā cifrīs
Vocative cifra cifrae

Descendants[edit]

  • English: cipher
  • French: chiffre
  • Hungarian: cifra

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (music) chord

Verb[edit]

cifra

  1. third-person singular present indicative of cifrar
  2. second-person singular imperative of cifrar

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr, empty) and, subsequently "zero"; cifra is the Latin form which came to Europe via Andalusian Arabic in late 14th century.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tsîfra/
  • Hyphenation: cif‧ra

Noun[edit]

cȉfra f (Cyrillic spelling ци̏фра)

  1. digit
  2. figure
  3. number, numeral

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic صِفْر(ṣifr, empty) and, subsequently 'zero'; cifra is the Latin form which came to Europe via Andalusian Arabic in late 14th century. Cognate with English cipher.

Noun[edit]

cifra f (plural cifras)

  1. digit
  2. number
  3. amount
  4. cipher; code
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

cifra

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of cifrar.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of cifrar.

Further reading[edit]