sulphur

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See also: Sulphur

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sulphur (countable and uncountable, plural sulphurs)

  1. Alternative spelling of sulfur
  2. Any of various pierid butterflies of the subfamily Coliadinae, especially the sulphur coloured species. Compare yellow.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

sulphur (third-person singular simple present sulphurs, present participle sulphuring, simple past and past participle sulphured)

  1. Alternative spelling of sulfur

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is the traditional popular spelling in the UK and India, and an alternative spelling in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. However, it is considered non-standard in scientific contexts, as the IUPAC has only approved the spelling sulfur.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nature Chemistry 1, 333 (2009). doi:10.1038/nchem.301

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Hellenisation of earlier sulpur, from the root *selp- (fat, oil). Cognate with English salve, Sanskrit सर्पिस् (sarpís, cleaned melted butter), सृप्र (sṛprá, greasy, smooth), Tocharian B ṣalype (ointment), and perhaps ἔλπος (élpos, ?olive oil, fat) or Ancient Greek ὄλπη (ólpē, flask for oil).

According to De Vaan citing Szemerényi,[1] perhaps from an s-stem Proto-Indo-European *sélpos. However, De Vaan finds both the -él- > -ól- and -os > -ur changes to be irregular (for -ol- > -ul- see sulcus), adding that perhaps it comes from Proto-Italic *solpor, from an r/n-stem Proto-Indo-European *sólpr̥ instead.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sulphur n (genitive sulphuris); third declension

  1. sulfur, brimstone
  2. lightning

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative sulphur sulphura
Genitive sulphuris sulphurum
Dative sulphurī sulphuribus
Accusative sulphur sulphura
Ablative sulphure sulphuribus
Vocative sulphur sulphura

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • sulphur in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sulphur in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN