銀杏

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: 银杏

Chinese[edit]

silver apricot
trad. (銀杏)
simp. (银杏)
Wikipedia has an article on:
銀杏

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

銀杏

  1. Ginkgo biloba

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (銀杏):
  • Japanese:  (ぎん) (なん) (ginnan)
  • Korean: 은행 (銀杏, eunhaeng)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
Grade: 3 Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/it͡ɕijau//it͡ɕjɔː//it͡ɕoː/

Borrowing from Chinese 鴨腳 (yājiǎo, ginkgo) around the Muromachi period.

There is an Edo-period folk etymology that the original derivation was 一葉 (ichiyō, literally a single leaf), but from the historical kana usage, 一葉 would be read as いちえふ (ichi-efu)いてふ (itefu), instead of いちやう (i-chau).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

銀杏 (hiragana いちょう, katakana イチョウ, rōmaji ichō, historical hiragana いちやう, historical katakana イチヤウ)

  1. the ginkgo tree, Ginkgo biloba
  2. an arrowhead in the shape of a ginkgo leaf
  3. Short for 銀杏頭 (ichō-gashira): an Edo-period hairstyle, with the topknot in the shape of a ginkgo leaf, today usually associated with higher-ranked sumo wrestlers
  4. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a motif of various styles of gingko leaves
Usage notes[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぎん
Grade: 3
あん > なん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

Attested around the mid-12th century.

Borrowing from Middle Chinese 銀杏 (MC ŋˠiɪn ɦˠæŋX), utilizing the 唐音 (tō'on, Tang sound) of (an), as in 杏子 (anzu, apricot).

The an changes to nan as an instance of renjō (連声).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

銀杏 (hiragana ぎんなん, rōmaji ginnan)

  1. Ginkgo biloba
    1. the ginkgo tree
    2. a ginkgo nut or seed
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN