plein

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French plain, from Latin plānum (level ground, a plain), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (flat). Its use for "square" is an innovation, replacing Middle Dutch plaetse in standard language (compare dialectical plaats). Compare English plain, plane, Portuguese chão, Spanish llano.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

plein n (plural pleinen, diminutive pleintje n)

  1. square, plaza
    Het plein van ons dorp werd onlangs heraangelegd met nieuwe bloemenperken.
    The square in our village was recently redone with new flowerbeds.

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French plein, from Latin plēnus, from Proto-Italic *plēnos, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full). Compare Catalan ple, Esperanto plena, Ido plena, Italian pieno, Portuguese cheio, Romanian plin, Sardinian prenu, Spanish lleno.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plein (feminine singular pleine, masculine plural pleins, feminine plural pleines)

  1. full, full up
    La voiture est pleine.The car is full.
    C'est plein de légendes.It's full of stories
  2. plenty
    Il y a plein de choses à faire.There are plenty of things to do.
  3. solid
  4. (of a moon) full
  5. (preceded by en) mid-; middle
    en plein match(right) in the middle of a match
    en plein concertmid-concert
    en plein essoron the rise
    en pleine attaquemid-attack
  6. (of an animal) pregnant

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

plein

  1. (somewhat colloquial) in; all over
    Avoir du vin plein sa cave.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Avoir de l’argent plein ses poches.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plēnus.

Adjective[edit]

plein m (oblique and nominative feminine singular pleine)

  1. full (at capacity with respect to space)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader) plain
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) plagn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plēnus.

Adjective[edit]

plein m (feminine singular pleina, masculine plural pleins, feminine plural pleinas)

  1. (Sursilvan) full