plein

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French plain, from Latin plānum (level ground, a plain), from Proto-Indo-European *pleh₂- (flat). Its use for "square" is an innovation, replacing Middle Dutch plaetse in standard language (compare dialectal plaats). Compare English plain, plane, Portuguese chão, Spanish llano.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /plɛi̯n/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛi̯n

Noun[edit]

plein n (plural pleinen, diminutive pleintje n)

  1. square, plaza
    Het plein van ons dorp werd onlangs heraangelegd met nieuwe bloemenperken.
    The square in our village was recently redone with new flowerbeds.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Papiamentu: plenchi, pleintji, pleintsje (from the diminutive), plein

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French plein, from Latin plēnus, from Proto-Italic *plēnos, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (full). Compare Catalan ple; Italian pieno; Portuguese cheio; Romanian plin; Sardinian prenu; Spanish lleno; English plene.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plein (feminine pleine, masculine plural pleins, feminine plural pleines)

  1. full, full up
    La voiture est pleine.The car is full.
    C'est plein de légendes.It's full of stories
  2. plenty
    Il y a plein de choses à faire.There are plenty of things to do.
  3. solid
  4. (astronomy, of a moon) full
  5. (preceded by en) mid-; middle
    en plein match(right) in the middle of a match
    en plein concertmid-concert
    en plein essoron the rise
    en pleine attaquemid-attack
  6. (biology, of an animal) pregnant

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

plein m (plural pleins)

  1. full tank (of gas)
  2. downstroke (of a letter)

Derived terms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

plein

  1. (somewhat colloquial) in; all over; filling
    Avoir du vin plein sa cave.(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    J'ai de l’argent plein mes poches.I have money filling up my pockets.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Louisiana Creole French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French plein (full).

Determiner[edit]

plein

  1. many

References[edit]

  • Alcée Fortier, Louisiana Folktales

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plēnus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

plein m (oblique and nominative feminine singular pleine)

  1. full (at capacity with respect to space)

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • plain (Rumantsch Grischun, Puter, Vallader)
  • plagn (Sutsilvan, Surmiran)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin plēnus.

Adjective[edit]

plein m (feminine singular pleina, masculine plural pleins, feminine plural pleinas)

  1. (Sursilvan) full