vanus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

vanus (genitive vanuse, partitive vanust)

  1. age

Declension[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *wānos, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁weh₂- (empty). Cognate with Proto-Germanic *wanaz, Sanskrit ऊन (ūná).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vānus (feminine vāna, neuter vānum, superlative vānissimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. vain, empty, vacant, void
    Synonyms: vacuus, inānis, irritus
    Antonyms: plenus, refertus, opīmus, implētus, explētus, complētus, frequens
    • 4th century, St Jerome, Vulgate, 2 Paralipomenon 32:15
      non vos ergo decipiat Ezechias nec vana persuasione deludat neque credatis ei si enim nullus potuit deus cunctarum gentium atque regnorum liberare populum suum de manu mea et de manu patrum meorum consequenter nec Deus vester poterit eruere vos de hac manu (Therefore let not Ezechias deceive you, nor delude you with a vain persuasion, and do not believe him. For if no god of all the nations and kingdoms, could deliver his people out of my hand, and out of the hand of my fathers, consequently neither shall your God be able to deliver you out of my hand.)
  2. unsubstantial
  3. (figuratively) groundless, baseless, meaningless, pointless
  4. ostentatious, boastful
  5. deceptive, untrustworthy

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative vānus vāna vānum vānī vānae vāna
Genitive vānī vānae vānī vānōrum vānārum vānōrum
Dative vānō vānō vānīs
Accusative vānum vānam vānum vānōs vānās vāna
Ablative vānō vānā vānō vānīs
Vocative vāne vāna vānum vānī vānae vāna

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • vanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vanus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • vanus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette