spiritus

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See also: Spiritus

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīritus. Doublet of spirit and esprit.

Noun[edit]

spiritus (plural spirituses or spiritus)

  1. A breathing.
  2. An aspirate.
  3. Any spirituous preparation.

Related terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīritus, from or related to spīrō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spiritus m

  1. ethanol

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • spiritus in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • spiritus in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • spiritus in Akademický slovník cizích slov, 1995, at prirucka.ujc.cas.cz

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

spiritus m (plural spiritussen or spiritus, diminutive spiritusje n) (in sense 2)

  1. methylated spirit
    Synonym: brandspiritus
  2. (orthography) A kind of diacritic used on Ancient Greek vowels to indicate aspiration or lack thereof. See spiritus asper and spiritus lenis.

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: spiritus (methylated spirit)

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch spiritus, from Latin spīritus (breath; spirit), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe). Doublet of spirit.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [spiˈrɪt̪ʊs]
  • Hyphenation: spi‧ri‧tus

Noun[edit]

spiritus (plural spiritus-spiritus, first-person possessive spiritusku, second-person possessive spiritusmu, third-person possessive spiritusnya)

  1. methylated spirit.

Alternative forms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From spīrō (I breathe; I blow, exhale, emit; I respire; I live; I am inspired; I show, express) +‎ -tus, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)peys- (to blow, breathe).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīritus m (genitive spīritūs); fourth declension

  1. air, breath, breathing
    • 1833, Classicorum auctorum e Vaticanicis codicibus editorum tomus V., Rome, page 595:
      Spīritūs sunt duo dasia et psile.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Synonym: spīrātiō
  2. light breeze
  3. spirit, ghost
  4. energy; courage
  5. pride, haughtiness, arrogance

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīritus spīritūs
Genitive spīritūs spīrituum
Dative spīrituī spīritibus
Accusative spīritum spīritūs
Ablative spīritū spīritibus
Vocative spīritus spīritūs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spiritus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spiritus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • spiritus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, page 1468
  • spiritus in Georges, Karl Ernst; Georges (1913–1918) Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, Hahnsche Buchhandlung, page 2764
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to breathe, live: animam, spiritum ducere
    • to breathe the air: aera spiritu ducere
    • to suffocate a person: spiritum intercludere alicui
    • to give up the ghost: extremum vitae spiritum edere
    • inspired: divino quodam spiritu inflatus or tactus
    • to be haughty: magnos spiritus sibi sumere (B. G. 1. 33)
    • to lower a person's pride: spiritus alicuius reprimere
    • patrician arrogance; pride of caste: spiritus patricii (Liv. 4. 42)
    • to assume a despotic tone: regios spiritus sibi sumere
    • to destroy a despotism, tyranny: regios spiritus reprimere (Nep. Dion. 5. 5)