spiritus asper

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Spiritus asper

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spīritus asper; literally, 'rough breath'.

Noun[edit]

spiritus asper (plural spiritus aspers)

  1. (orthography) A diacritic mark in Ancient Greek used to indicate aspiration of an initial vowel or rho.
    The spiritus asper mark looks like an opening single quote, as in the word εὑρίσκω (heurískõ), the word εὕρηκα (heúrēka), or the word ἕξις (héxis, "habit").
    • 1836 May, “System of Orthography for Chinese words”, in The Chinese Repository[1], volume V, number I, page 27:
      h, as an aspirate, is very frequent in Chinese ; it is generally a stronger aspirate than in English : in the dialects of the south it is often changed into f, in the north into s, or sh. To mark an aspirate after a consonant, we use the Greek spiritus asper in preference to h.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From spīritus (breath, breathing) + asper (rough, harsh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spīritus asper m (genitive spīritūs asperī); fourth declension

  1. spiritus asper

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun with a second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative spīritus asper spīritūs asperī
Genitive spīritūs asperī spīrituum asperōrum
Dative spīrituī asperō spīritibus asperīs
Accusative spīritum asperum spīritūs asperōs
Ablative spīritū asperō spīritibus asperīs
Vocative spīritus asper spīritūs asperī