asper

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French aspre (modern âpre), from Latin asper ‎(rough).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

asper ‎(comparative more asper, superlative most asper)

  1. Rough or harsh; severe, stern, serious.
    • Francis Bacon
      An asper sound.

Noun[edit]

asper ‎(uncountable)

  1. (phonetics) Rough breathing; a mark (#) indicating that part of a word is aspirated, or pronounced with h before it.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English, from Middle French aspre or Italian aspro, both from Ancient Greek ἄσπρον ‎(áspron), from neuter of ἄσπρος ‎(áspros, white), from Latin asper ‎(rough, newly minted)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

asper ‎(plural aspers)

  1. (historical) Any one of several small coins, circulated around the eastern Mediterranean area from the 12th to 17th centuries.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Indo-European root *h₂esp- ‎(to cut), also present in Ancient Greek ἀσπίς ‎(aspís) and Hittite ḫasp-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

asper m ‎(feminine aspera, neuter asperum); first/second declension

  1. rough, uneven, coarse, unrefined, rude, sharp, newly minted

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative asper aspera asperum asperī asperae aspera
genitive asperī asperae asperī asperōrum asperārum asperōrum
dative asperō asperō asperīs
accusative asperum asperam asperum asperōs asperās aspera
ablative asperō asperā asperō asperīs
vocative asper aspera asperum asperī asperae aspera

Descendants[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  • asper in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • asper in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • asper in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) rough and hilly ground: loca aspera et montuosa (Planc. 9. 22)
  • asper in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • asper in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Noun[edit]

asper m, f

  1. indefinite plural of asp