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See also: áspero



From asper (rough) +‎ .



asperō (present infinitive asperāre, perfect active asperāvī, supine asperātum); first conjugation

  1. I make rough or uneven, roughen.
  2. I make sharp, sharpen, whet.
  3. I make fierce, rouse up, excite, enrage, exasperate.


   Conjugation of aspero (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present asperō asperās asperat asperāmus asperātis asperant
imperfect asperābam asperābās asperābat asperābāmus asperābātis asperābant
future asperābō asperābis asperābit asperābimus asperābitis asperābunt
perfect asperāvī asperāvistī asperāvit asperāvimus asperāvistis asperāvērunt, asperāvēre
pluperfect asperāveram asperāverās asperāverat asperāverāmus asperāverātis asperāverant
future perfect asperāverō asperāveris asperāverit asperāverimus asperāveritis asperāverint
passive present asperor asperāris, asperāre asperātur asperāmur asperāminī asperantur
imperfect asperābar asperābāris, asperābāre asperābātur asperābāmur asperābāminī asperābantur
future asperābor asperāberis, asperābere asperābitur asperābimur asperābiminī asperābuntur
perfect asperātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect asperātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect asperātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present asperem asperēs asperet asperēmus asperētis asperent
imperfect asperārem asperārēs asperāret asperārēmus asperārētis asperārent
perfect asperāverim asperāverīs asperāverit asperāverīmus asperāverītis asperāverint
pluperfect asperāvissem asperāvissēs asperāvisset asperāvissēmus asperāvissētis asperāvissent
passive present asperer asperēris, asperēre asperētur asperēmur asperēminī asperentur
imperfect asperārer asperārēris, asperārēre asperārētur asperārēmur asperārēminī asperārentur
perfect asperātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect asperātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present asperā asperāte
future asperātō asperātō asperātōte asperantō
passive present asperāre asperāminī
future asperātor asperātor asperantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives asperāre asperāvisse asperātūrus esse asperārī asperātus esse asperātum īrī
participles asperāns asperātūrus asperātus asperandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
asperāre asperandī asperandō asperandum asperātum asperātū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • aspero in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aspero in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aspero in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) rough and hilly ground: loca aspera et montuosa (Planc. 9. 22)



aspero m (feminine singular aspera, masculine plural asperos, feminine plural asperas, comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of áspero