در

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See also: ڈر, ذر, دز, and دژ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root د ر ر(d-r-r).

Verb[edit]

دَرَّ ‎(darra) I, non-past يَدِرُّ or يَدُرُّ‎ (yadirru or yadurru)

  1. to flow copiously
  2. to stream, to flow, to well
  3. to accrue
  4. to be abundant, to be plentiful
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَرّ ‎(darrm

  1. verbal noun of دَرَّ(darra) (form I)
  2. copious flow of milk
  3. milk, lactation
  4. achievement, accomplishment
  5. nature, natural disposition
  6. soul, mind, intellect
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

دُرّ ‎(durrm ‎(collective, singulative دُرَّة(durra), paucal دُرَّات(durrāt) or دُرَر(durar))

  1. pearls
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

دُرْ ‎(dur) ‎(form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of دَارَ(dāra)

Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Armenian դար(dar, high place, precipice).

Noun[edit]

در ‎(der)

  1. side of a mountain

References[edit]

  • Jaba, Auguste; Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “դար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

در ‎(dar)

  1. toward you (pronominal prefix of the second person)

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭩𐭭(andar, in, among, towards, concerning), from Old Persian 𐎠𐎫𐎼(atar, among, within).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Dari در
Iranian Persian در
Tajik дар(dar)

در ‎(dar)

  1. at
    در خانه — at home
  2. in
    در کیف — in bag
  3. within, among
  4. to
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭡𐭠(dar, gate, court, palace), from Old Persian 𐎯𐎺𐎼𐎹𐎠(duvar-, door, gate), from Proto-Iranian *dwar- (compare Kurdish derî, Ossetian дуар(dwar), Avestan dvarǝm), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dwar- (compare Sanskrit द्वार(dvā́ra), Hindustani द्वार(dvār) / دوار(dvār)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer-(gate, door) (compare English door, German Tür, Armenian դուռ(duṙ), Irish doras and Russian дверь(dver’)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari در
Iranian Persian در
Tajik дар(dar)

در ‎(dar) ‎(plural درها(dar-hâ))

  1. door
  2. (now rare) court
  3. lid
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

در ‎(der)

  1. (dialectal, Mashhad) present stem form of دیشتن.
    حالا کم کم می‌بینُم کار دِرَه بالا می‌گیرِه.
    Hâlâ kam kam mibinom kâr dera bâlâ migire.

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

در ‎(dorr)

  1. pearl

References[edit]