در

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See also: ڈر‎, ذر‎, دز, and دژ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root د ر ر(d-r-r).

Verb[edit]

دَرَّ (darra) I, non-past يَدِرُّor يَدُرُّ‎‎ (yadirru or yadurru)

  1. to flow copiously
  2. to stream, to flow, to well
  3. to accrue
  4. to be abundant, to be plentiful
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَرّ (darrm

  1. verbal noun of دَرَّ (darra) (form I)
  2. copious flow of milk
  3. milk, lactation
  4. achievement, accomplishment
  5. nature, natural disposition
  6. soul, mind, intellect
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

دُرّ (durrm (collective, singulative دُرَّة‎ f (durra), paucal دُرَّات(durrāt) or دُرَر(durar))

  1. pearls
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

دُرْ (dur) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of دَارَ(dāra)

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian դար (dar, high place, precipice).

Noun[edit]

در (der?

  1. side of a mountain

References[edit]

  • Jaba, Auguste; Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979) , “դար”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

در (dar)

  1. toward you (pronominal prefix of the second person)

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭩𐭭(byn /andar/, in, among, towards, concerning), from Old Persian 𐎠𐎫𐎼 (aⁿtar, among, within), from Proto-Iranian, Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hantara-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁énteros (inner, what is inside).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tajik): IPA(key): /daɾ/
  • (Kabuli) IPA(key): [da]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ar

Preposition[edit]

Dari Persian در
Iranian Persian
Tajik дар (dar)

در (dar)

  1. at
    در خانه
    at home
  2. in
    در کیف
    in a bag
  3. within, among
  4. to
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭡𐭡𐭠(dar, gate, court, palace), from Old Persian 𐎯𐎺𐎼𐎹𐎠 (duvar-, door, gate), from Proto-Iranian *dwar- (compare Northern Kurdish derî, Ossetian дуар (dwar), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬨(duuarəm)), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dwar- (compare Sanskrit द्वार (dvā́ra), Hindustani बार (bār) / بار(bār)), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰwer- (gate, door) (compare English door, German Tür, Armenian դուռ (duṙ), Irish doras and Russian дверь (dverʹ)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian در
Iranian Persian
Tajik дар (dar)

در (dar) (plural درها(dar-hâ))

  1. door
  2. (now rare) court
  3. lid
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

در (der)

  1. (dialectal, Mashhad) present stem form of دیشتن
    حالا کم کم می‌بینُم کار دِرَه بالا می‌گیرِه.‎‎
    Hâlâ kam kam mibinom kâr dera bâlâ migire.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Etymology 4[edit]

From Arabic دُرّ(durr).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

در (dorr)

  1. pearl

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

در (dar)

  1. present stem form of دریدن

References[edit]