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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手人人土 (QOOG), four-corner 58014, composition)

  1. push down
  2. chop down
  3. grind

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 431, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12087
  • Dae Jaweon: page 780, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1885, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+632B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (13)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suɑH/ /t͡suɑH/ /t͡suɑH/ /t͡suɑH/ /t͡swaH/ /t͡suɑH/ /t͡suɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18051 3 /*ʔsoːls/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jwa) (hangeul , revised jwa, McCune-Reischauer chwa, Yale cwa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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