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See also: dämpen
- (transitive) To make damp or moist; to make moderately wet.
- (intransitive) To become damp or moist.
- (transitive) To lessen; to dull; to make less intense (said of emotions and non-physical things).
- We won't let the bad news dampen our spirits.
- 1883 "Pomona's Daughter", Frank R. Stockton, in The Century, vol. XXVI, number 1, May, page 25
- He was dreadfully familiar with everything, and talked about some places we were longing to see in a way that considerably dampened our enthusiasm.
- 2007 October 16, Jane E. Brody, “Despite Strides, Listeria Needs Vigilance”, in The New York Times:
- Pregnant women are 20 times as likely as other healthy young women to contract listeriosis, probably because in pregnancy the immune system is dampened to prevent rejection of the fetus.
- 2020 May 20, “J&J to sell baby powder in UK despite stopping US sales”, in BBC, London: BBC, retrieved 2020-05-22:
- The firm said changes in consumer behaviour had also dampened demand for the powder.
- (transitive, proscribed) To suppress vibrations (mechanical) or oscillations (electrical) by converting energy to heat (or some other form of energy).[usage 1]
- (intransitive) To become damped or deadened.
- ^ Due to confusion with the similar-looking verb damp, overgeneralization from the nearby sense of "to lessen or to dull", and/or conflation of transitive "damp" with intransitive "dampen", "dampen" is increasingly used in nontechnical contexts as a synonym for "damp", especially in the case of "dampened" versus "damped". However, this usage is still considered incorrect in technical contexts.
make damp — see also moisten
become damp, to deaden
- (intransitive) to steam, to give off steam or smoke
- (intransitive) to vape (to inhale the vapour of an electronic cigarette)
- Synonym: vapen
|Inflection of dampen (weak)|
|present tense||past tense|
|1st person singular||damp||dampte|
|2nd person sing. (jij)||dampt||dampte|
|2nd person sing. (u)||dampt||dampte|
|2nd person sing. (gij)||dampt||dampte|
|3rd person singular||dampt||dampte|
See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.
- plural of
- Alternative form of