水道

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Chinese[edit]

water; river
 
direction; way; method; road; path; principle; truth; reason; skill; Tao (of Taoism); a measure word; to say; to speak; to talk
simp. and trad.
(水道)

Etymology[edit]

Attestable in pre-Qin texts. Sense "water supply" from Japanese 水道 (すいどう) (suidō).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (26) (7)
Final () (18) (89)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () Chongniu III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕˠiuɪX/ /dɑuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕʷᵚiX/ /dɑuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiuɪX/ /dɑuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕjwiX/ /dawX/
Li
Rong
/ɕjuiX/ /dɑuX/
Wang
Li
/ɕwiX/ /dɑuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕwiX/ /dʱɑuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuǐ dào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shuǐ dào
Middle
Chinese
‹ sywijX › ‹ dawX ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.turʔ/ (E dialect: *-r > *-j) /*[kə.l]ˁuʔ/
English water; river way

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11948 11669
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰʷljilʔ/ /*l'uːʔ/

Noun[edit]

水道

  1. canal; ditch
  2. water course; waterway
  3. lane in swimming pool
  4. (literary) urethra
  5. (Taiwanese Min Nan and Hakka) water supply

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
すい
Grade: 1
どう
Grade: 2
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From (sui, water; cold water) +‎ (, passage; duct).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

水道 (hiragana すいどう, rōmaji suidō)

  1. water service, water supply
  2. channel

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

水道 (sudo) (hangeul 수도)

  1. Hanja form? of 수도 (water supply).