Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ōwyóm

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Reconstruction[edit]

The Sanskrit form can be explained as an irregular deformation.

Etymology[edit]

Likely a vrddhi derivative of *h₂éwis (bird).

Noun[edit]

*h₂ōwyóm n (non-ablauting)

  1. egg

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
singular
nominative *h₂ōwyóm
genitive *h₂ōwyósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂ōwyóm *h₂ōwyóy(h₁) *h₂ōwyéh₂
vocative *h₂ōwyóm *h₂ōwyóy(h₁) *h₂ōwyéh₂
accusative *h₂ōwyóm *h₂ōwyóy(h₁) *h₂ōwyéh₂
genitive *h₂ōwyósyo *? *h₂ōwyóoHom
ablative *h₂ōwyéad *? *h₂ōwyómos
dative *h₂ōwyóey *? *h₂ōwyómos
locative *h₂ōwyéy, *h₂ōwyóy *? *h₂ōwyóysu
instrumental *h₂ōwyóh₁ *? *h₂ōwyṓys

Comment[edit]

The form to cover all the reflexes in daughter languages is not completely reconstructable.

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: < *yō(w)yo-
    • Old Armenian: ձու (ju)
  • Celtic: *āuyom
    • Brythonic:
      • Breton: vi
      • Welsh: wy
      • Cornish: oy
    • Old Irish: og
  • Germanic: *ajją (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *ōyyón
  • Indo-Iranian: *Hāwyám
  • Italic: *ōwom
    • Latin: ōvum (see there for further descendants)
  • Slavic: *aje, *ajьce (diminutive) (see there for further descendants)