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See ei.


  • IPA(key): /ˈei̯ʋæt/, [ˈe̞i̯ʋæt̪]
  • Rhymes: -eiʋæt
  • Syllabification: ei‧vät



  1. The third-person plural form of the negative verb (negation verb). The English translations include do not/don’t and not (with auxiliary verbs and be).

Usage notes[edit]

  • The negative verb is used with the connegative form of the main verb. The indicative present connegative form is identical to the second-person singular imperative. The potential mood connegative ends in the marker for that mood, -ne-, and the conditional mood connegative ends in the marker for that mood, -isi-. In the indicative past, conditional past and potential past, the active past participle plural (ending -eet) is used. The connegative form of the main verb is always used without the personal suffix.
  • Usage of eivät:
  • Indicative:
  • He näkevät. (They see.) -> He eivät näe. (They do not see.)
  • He näkivät. (They saw.) -> He eivät nähneet. (They did not see.)
  • He ovat nähneet. (They have seen.) -> He eivät ole nähneet. (They have not seen.)
  • He olivat nähneet. (They had seen.) -> He eivät olleet nähneet. (They had not seen.)
  • Conditional:
  • He näkisivät. (They would see.) -> He eivät näkisi. (They would not see.)
  • He olisivat nähneet. (They would have seen.) -> He eivät olisi nähneet. (They would not have seen.)
  • Potential:
  • He nähnevät. (They probably see.) -> He eivät nähne. (They probably do not see.)
  • He lienevät nähneet. (They have probably seen.) -> He eivät liene nähneet. (They have probably not seen.)


  • The negation verb has no infinitive form.
  • Indicative, conditional and potential moods use the indicative forms (stem e-), for which the verb is conjugated only in person.
  • In the imperative mood the negation verb has the stem äl-.
  • An archaic optative mood exists and is used mainly in poetry.
person indicative mood imperative mood optative mood
1st sing. en (älkääni, älkäämi) (ällön)
2nd sing. et älä (ällös)
3rd sing. ei älköön (älköön)
1st plur. emme älkäämme (älköömme)
2nd plur. ette älkää (älköötte)
3rd plur. eivät älkööt (älkööt)