sien

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See also: si̋en

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

sien (plural siens)

  1. Obsolete spelling of scion

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch zien.

Verb[edit]

sien (present sien, present participle siende or sienende, past participle gesien)

  1. to see

See also[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sien c

  1. singular definite of si

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Latin suus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sien (feminine singular sienne, masculine plural siens, feminine plural siennes)

  1. (archaic) his (that which belongs to him); her (that which belongs to her)

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Low German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German sîn, from Old Saxon sīn. The infinitive sien along with the words is and sünd derive ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be), which had no separate infinitive in Germanic. The modern infinitive was probably back-formed in late Old Saxon from the former first-person plural subjunctive sīn (we be), since this form had become identical to the infinitive in other verbs during the late Old Saxon period. Compare also German sein, Dutch zijn.

The original infinitive is wesen, from Middle Low German wesen, from Old Saxon wesan, from Proto-Germanic *wesaną, from *h₂wes- (to reside). All the forms with initial w- (imperative and past tense) derive from this root. The infinitive wesen is still the most used one, but in general which one is used is a matter of personal preference and/or region.

Finally, the forms bün and büst derive from Proto-Germanic *beuną (to be, to become), from *bʰuH- (to become), which survives only as relic forms in the West Germanic languages and not at all in the others. Its infinitive and non-singular forms are only attested in (Old) English.

Verb[edit]

sien (past singular weer, past participle wesen or west, auxiliary verb wesen)

  1. (only as the infinitive) Alternative form of wesen

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch sian, from Proto-Germanic *sehwaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sien

  1. to see
    • 1249, Schepenbrief van Bochoute, Velzeke, eastern Flanders:
      Descepenen van bochouta quedden alle degene die dese lettren sien selen i(n) onsen here.
      The aldermen of Bochoute address all who will see this letter by our lord.
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Dutch *sīan, from Proto-Germanic *sīhwaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

siën

  1. to filter, to seep
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-lemma forms.

Verb[edit]

sien

  1. inflection of wēsen:
    1. first-person and third-person plural present indicative
    2. first-person and third-person plural present subjunctive

Further reading[edit]

  • sien (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • siën”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • sien (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929
  • siën”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Verb[edit]

sien

  1. Alternative form of seien

Mirandese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sine.

Preposition[edit]

sien

  1. without

Antonyms[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *siuniz (appearance, sight, face), from *sehwaną (to see), from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ- (to see, notice). Cognate with Old Frisian siōne, siūne (face, countenance), Old Saxon siun (vision, sight), Old Norse sýn (face, appearance, countenance), Gothic 𐍃𐌹𐌿𐌽𐍃 (siuns, face, form, countenance).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sīen f

  1. (senses) power of sight, vision
  2. eye; pupil
  3. appearance, countenance

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin seum.

Adjective[edit]

sien

  1. (stressed) third-person singular possessive pronoun
    1. his
    2. her
    3. one's
    4. its

Usage notes[edit]

  • chiefly used after an article (un, le, etc.) and before a noun. The noun may be omitted if clear from the context
    un sien fils
    his son
    enveierai le sien
    I will send his

Descendants[edit]


Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin somnus.

Noun[edit]

sien f (plural siens)

  1. (Sutsilvan) nap

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A development of older sen (sense, judgement) (compare Italian senno), influenced by conjugated forms of sentir (to feel) (compare siento (I feel)). Ultimately of Germanic origin (compare Dutch zin (meaning, intention), German Sinn (sense, mind), Norwegian sinn (mind), Swedish sinne (mind, sense)), from Proto-Germanic *sinnaz, from Proto-Indo-European *sentnos, from Proto-Indo-European *sent- (to feel).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sjen/
  • Homophone: cien (seseante dialects)
  • Rhymes: -en

Noun[edit]

sien f (plural sienes)

  1. temple (part of the skull on the side of the forehead)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]