zien

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Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch sien, from Old Dutch sian, from Proto-Germanic *sehwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *sekʷ-(to see, notice). Originally a class 5 strong verb, but the Germanic *h was lost from the infinitive and present tense forms through syncope in Old Dutch. However, it alternated with *g in the past tense through Grammatischer Wechsel, and this remained.

Verb[edit]

zien

  1. (transitive) to see
    Ik zie jouw kat!
    I see your cat!

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of zien (strong class 5, irregular)
infinitive zien
past singular zag
past participle gezien
infinitive zien
gerund zien n
verbal noun zicht
present tense past tense
1st person singular zie zag
2nd person sing. (jij) ziet zag
2nd person sing. (u) ziet zag
2nd person sing. (gij) ziet zaagt
3rd person singular ziet zag
plural zien zagen
subjunctive sing.1 zie zage
subjunctive plur.1 zien zagen
imperative sing. zie
imperative plur.1 ziet
participles ziend gezien
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]