Category:Dutch class 5 strong verbs

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  1. ontgeven
  2. uitvreten
  3. dwarsliggen
  4. uitzitten
  5. verbidden
  6. omzien
  7. doorlezen
  8. voorgeven
  9. voorzitten
  10. opvreten
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  1. weggeven
  2. prijsgeven
  3. voorgeven
  4. omgeven
  5. toegeven
  6. weergeven
  7. terugzien
  8. terugtreden
  9. herzien
  10. inzien

Fundamental » All languages » Dutch » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 5 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by consonant other than a sonorant in Proto-Indo-European.

As class 4, this class is rather small and has preserved a vowel length change between the singular and the plural forms of the past tense. But contrary to class 4, the vowel sound of the past participle is /eː/ and not /oː/. There are two variations:

The paradigm is:

Form Regular J-presents
Present tense /-eː-/ /-ɪ-/
Past tense singular /-ɑ-/ /-ɑ-/
Past tense plural /-aː-/ /-aː-/
Past participle /-eː-/ /-eː-/

For example, gevengafgavengegeven

The verbs of the second variation are the so-called j-presents, which originally had a j-suffix in the present tense.

For example, zittenzatzatengezeten