Category:Dutch class 5 strong verbs

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Recent additions to the category
  1. omzien
  2. doorlezen
  3. voorgeven
  4. voorzitten
  5. opvreten
  6. bijzitten
  7. mee-eten
  8. aflezen
  9. overtreden
  10. begeven
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. voorgeven
  2. terugzien
  3. toetreden
  4. opeten
  5. terugtreden
  6. herzien
  7. inzien
  8. uitzien
  9. opgeven
  10. ontzien

Fundamental » All languages » Dutch » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 5 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by consonant other than a sonorant in Proto-Indo-European.

It is just like class 4, this class is rather small and has preserved a vowel length change between the singular and the plural forms of the past tense. But contrary to class 4, the vowel sound of the past participle is /eː/ and not /oː/. There are two variations:

The paradigm is:

Form Regular J-presents
Present tense /-eː-/ /-ɪ-/
Past tense singular /-ɑ-/ /-ɑ-/
Past tense plural /-aː-/ /-aː-/
Past participle /-eː-/ /-eː-/

For example: geven - gaf - gaven - gegeven

The verbs of the second variation are the so-called j-presents, which originally had a j-suffix in the present tense. For example: zitten - zat - zaten - gezeten