Category:Dutch class 5 strong verbs

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» Dutch language » Lemmas » Verbs » Verbs by inflection type » Strong verbs » Class 5 strong verbs

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by consonant other than a sonorant in Proto-Indo-European.[edit]

It is just like class 4, this class is rather small and has preserved a vowel length change between the singular and the plural forms of the past tense. But contrary to class 4, the vowel sound of the past participle is /eː/ and not /oː/. There are two variations:

/eː/ - /ɑ/ - /aː/ - /eː/, for example: geven - gaf - gaven - gegeven
/ɪ/ - /ɑ/ - /aː/ - /eː/, for example: zitten - zat - zaten - gezeten

The verbs of the second variation are the so-called j-presents, which originally had a j-suffix in the present tense.