Category:Dutch class 5 strong verbs

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Newest pages ordered by last category link update
  1. teruglezen
  2. bemeten
  3. vereten
  4. vertreden
  5. verlezen
  6. verliggen
  7. verzitten
  8. tegenzitten
  9. overvreten
  10. overlezen
Oldest pages ordered by last edit
  1. omgeven
  2. toegeven
  3. weergeven
  4. overgeven
  5. betreden
  6. aftreden
  7. terugzien
  8. afgeven
  9. toetreden
  10. afzien

Fundamental » All languages » Dutch » Lemmas » Verbs » By inflection type » Strong » Class 5

Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by consonant other than a sonorant in Proto-Indo-European.

As class 4, this class is rather small and has preserved a vowel length change between the singular and the plural forms of the past tense. But contrary to class 4, the vowel sound of the past participle is /eː/ and not /oː/.

The anomalous root zien has experienced a loss of the original /h/, with a resulting assimilation of the stem vowel to the vowel of the inflection, it also preserves the Verner alternation between this original /h/ and a /g/ in the past. The class also contains a specific group of three anomalous roots with a short vowel in the present tense, the so-called j-presents. These roots had a j-suffix in the present tense which geminated the preceding consonant and later blocked the open syllable lengthening that the regular verbs underwent.

The paradigms are:

Form Regular Anomalous
Verner alternation J-present
Present tense /-eː-/ geven /-iː-/ zien /-i-/ liggen
Past tense singular /-ɑ-/ gaf /-ɑ-/ zag /-ɑ-/ lag
Past tense plural /-aː-/ gaven /-aː-/ zagen /-aː-/ lagen
Past participle /-eː-/ gegeven /-iː-/ gezien /-eː-/ gelegen